The bathroom is a room in the house for personal hygiene activities, which generally contain basin, W.C. and either a bathtub or shower area or both. Today’s bathrooms are more than simply a place to wash. Nowadays they are being used for pampering & indulgence, a tranquil retreat in which one relaxes and unwinds, a beauty salon in your own home.
Keep these design tips in mind when you plan your dream bathroom & try to discover the best bathroom layout for your house:
It is understood that the location of the bathroom and its size along with the location of doors and ventilations has been designed as a part of the overall design of the house by your architect in accordance with your taste, lifestyle, culture and budget. However, after the location is decided, it needs a lot to be done while designing the bathroom layout & its interiors. If you are remodeling your existing bathroom please read an exclusive article on the same in our website.
However assure that the overall dimensions are comfortable and as per your needs.
The best way to design bathroom is to visit a bathroom showroom, pick up all the latest brochures for different bathroom fixtures, floor materials and wall dados. Also feel the space by looking at the mock bathrooms in the show room. To design bathroom, always start looking at the best design and work for something that suits your budget. By planning this way you will be able to spot the best features in your range, and see where saving can be made without any loss of style.
After your market survey, start measuring your space in minor details. Then plot out your space on graph paper and cut out a vanity, tub, toilet, etc. to play with your bathroom layout till you got your layout. To design bathroom, here are some space requirements that you should keep in mind while preparing your bathroom layout.
Courtesy - Pixabay
- Leave 30″ (750mm) of clear space in front of any bathroom fixtures.
- 18″ (450mm) from center line of toilet to wall/ other fixture.
- Recommended minimum of 36″x36″ (900x900mm) space for shower.
- A separate toilet compartment should be minimum of 36″x66″ (900x1500mm) with a swing out or pocket door.
The Height of Different Bathroom Fixtures:
- Basin – 30″ (750mm)
- Bib cock for bath – 24″ (600mm)
- Shower – 82″ (2100mm)
- Bib cock for WC commode – 18″ (450mm)
- Location of tissue paper / bib cock holder on left or right of sitting position
- Tissue paper holder – 24″ (600mm)
Place the position of the door and window/ventilation in your plan, and then see that the bath, toilet & basin are in the best places. If the door takes up space when open, it could be re hung to open outwards or even be moved further along the wall. Also, assure that you are able to open the door fully and all bathroom fixtures are not coming in the way. Plumbing and electricity points should be done during the preparation of bathroom layout.
If you believe in Vastu assure that the location of WC pan is in the right orientation- direction as per your belief. Mostly people avoid East-west orientation. Also, see that the WC pan is preferably on the external wall so that it would be easy to connect it to external sewerage lines.
02. Wet and Dry Space:
The space planning should also take into consideration of locating basin counter and WC pan as a dry space and bath area as wet space, both separated. Though this does not matter much where there are no carpet floors in rooms particularly in warm and hot countries.
03. Space for Dressing or Walk-in Wardrobes:
If dressing area or dressing table or walking wardrobe is a part of the bathroom it needs to be designed in harmony with bedroom and bathroom interiors.
Courtesy - Pixabay
Steamy bathroom needs a wall, which has water resistance surface that is why glazed tiles are mostly used near basins, bath and toilets. The damp that often occurs in bathrooms happens when they are not very well ventilated in winter and condensation becomes a problem. You can buy special paints for bathrooms made with added fungicides to combat mold and if you don’t want to go with such chemicals in bathroom atmosphere, then you can go with oil-based paint or an emulsion paint.
05. Tiles on Walls:
Market is flooded with varieties of tiles. Most popular are vitrified tiles. Hundreds of colours and colour combinations with design patterns both floral as well geometrical with bands, borders etc. are available. Endless choices are available. One therefore has to select appropriate tiles, size, colour and various design patterns.
Courtesy - Pixabay
Floors of bathroom get wetter than any other floor in the home. Therefore choose proper material for your bathroom flooring, which does not get affected by the water.
See that proper slope has been provided in the bath so that water easily gets drained towards the floor- Nahni trap.
When you lay the tiles start fixing tiles from the entrance so that full-size tiles are visible in front and cut pieces are at ends or along the bathroom fixtures. Similarly for dado also start laying tiles from the top. Avoid slippery floor tiles.
Courtesy - Pixabay
Assess your space and make the most of any dead areas for storage. It includes wall to ceiling space above the toilet and bath and the wall under the basin or counter. If you want to keep extra towels in the bathroom, they can be folded and displayed. If your bathroom becomes cluttered with shampoo bottles, toothbrushes and shavers than all your hard work will be wasted. Always try to design bathroom by keeping proper space for toiletries. If space permits one can always design bathroom by creating a small shelf 4” to 5” wide at 75 m to 90 mm height in the wall itself by increasing the thickness of wall.
08. Essential Luxury:
A bathroom is a room for relaxing and recharging yourself and for your self-indulgence. The small luxuries should be included in the budget for your bathroom. Scented candles, bubble bath, fluffy towel on a heated rail and a comfortable bath mat can make you feel pampered.
The cupboard can help in hiding materials like spare toilet rolls and toiletry clutter in your bathroom. Look for some dead space in the bathroom where you could fit a small free-standing or wall-mounted unit.
09. Start Looking for your Bathroom Fixtures, AAccessories & Sanitary Wares:
After all these procedures, now you have a plan and budget, good ideas and requirements for your bathroom layout to design bathroom of your choice. Make a list of all the items needed and start sourcing your fixtures based on your budget and style.
Courtesy - 123rf
Start looking for your bathroom fixtures, accessories & sanitary wares to fit in your bathroom layout like,
- Vanity or Pedestal
- Tub, Shower + Glass or Shower Unit- cubicles
- Shower Valve
- Accessories like, toilet paper holder, towel ring or bars, rob hooks
Must Read: Types of Bathroom Accessories
10. Colour Scheme:
While designing bathroom, the colour scheme is very important. The colour of floor and wall tiles or wall paint along with colour of all bathroom fixtures, basin counter top, lights etc. are very crucial.
Choose appropriate door so that the door doesn’t get spoilt with the splashing of water.
Fixing leaking floor or pipe joints is a big headache. Employ skilled contractor to do waterproofing and plumbing works. Don’t overrule specifications by architect or engineer or MEP consultant. Test all pipe joints at 6kg pressure.
(I) Hot Water:
A bathroom is a place where services play very important role. The concealed lines of water supply, drainage, the location of traps, flush tank or flush valve, cold and hot water mixture bodies, gas or electric geyser, exhaust fan, the slope of flooring etc. needs careful consideration. Assure that there is sufficient pressure in water conduits so that the shower as well as flush tanks or valves operate efficiently. For flush valves, the pressure should be minimum 1 kg i.e. 10 m head. (i.e., the overhead water tank must be 10 m above flush valve. If there is no flush valve the pressure of 0.5 kg i.e. 5m would also do). If possible avail services of good civil engineer or MEP consultant to design bathroom plumbing systems.
Choose appropriate gas or electrical or solar water heater for hot water. Provide hot and cold water regulating bathroom fixtures.
Always appoint the qualified electrician to install new fittings. Never go with the DIY electrical job in your bathroom. All switches have to be outside the bathroom and make sure that an electrician follows all the correct procedures. All switches must be pull-cords, and all fittings must be kept well clear of any potential splashes. We would always advise you to have one main light with Two-way operations so that you can put on the light while entering so that one doesn’t met with an accident while entering in the dark.
For safety, design bathroom light fittings with sealed units. The lighting should create a relaxing atmosphere with efficient illumination where it is most needed.
After figure out of the placement of shower, bathtub, basin and toilet in your bathroom layout, you should determine where you will need to run the plumbing lines. You will have to cut holes in the flooring to run the pipes to the bathroom fixtures.
Determine your budget first. Always think that, what are you able or willing to spend, to design a bathroom for your house. There are so many options that it’s easy to get carried away once the project is in progress. If you don’t control yourself you are going to land in trouble ending huge money.
Ventilation is the important point to consider before you design bathroom for your house. Minimum air changes should take place, and windows or adequate ventilators must be provided. Enough natural light should also be available. The adequate exhaust fan will help in maintaining fresh air circulation and will help in avoiding foul odour problem.