24 Tips for Detailed Site Survey or Site Selection

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Any site survey begins with gathering of physical site data.

Document Legal Data:

01. Draw the area and shape of the site as defined by its legal boundaries.

02. Indicate required setbacks, existing easements, and rights-of-way.

Must Read: 12 Major Things to be Considered While Selecting a Site
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Building Program and Site:

03. Estimate the area and volume required for the building program, site amenities, and future expansion, if desired.

Topography and Soil Data:

04. Analyze the ground slopes and subsoil conditions to locate the areas suitable for construction and outdoor activities.

05. Identify steep and moderate slopes that may be unsuitable for development.

06. Locate soil areas suitable for use as a drainage field, if applicable.

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Site Drainage:

07. Map existing drainage patterns. (LEED SS Credits 6.1, 6.2: Storm water Design)

08. Determine the elevation of the water table.

09. Identify areas subject to excessive runoff of surface water, flooding, or erosion.

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Natural Habitat on Site:

10. Locate existing trees and native plant materials that should be preserved.

11. Chart existing water features, such as wetlands, streams, watersheds, flood plains, or shorelines that should be protected. (LEED SS Credit 5.1: Site Development—Protect or Restore Habitat).

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Climatic Data:

12. Map climatic conditions: the path of the sun, the direction of prevailing winds, and the expected amount of rainfall.

13. Consider the impact of land forms and adjacent structures on solar access, prevailing winds, and the potential for glare.

14. Evaluate solar radiation as a potential energy source.

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Site Access and Circulation:

15. Determine possible points of access from public roadways and public transit stops. (LEED SS Credit 4.1: Alternative Transportation – Public Transportation Access)

16. Study possible circulation paths for pedestrians and vehicles from these access points to building entrances.

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Availability of Services:

17. Ascertain the availability of utilities: water mains, sanitary and storm sewers, gas lines, electrical power lines, telephone and cable lines, and fire hydrants.

18. Determine access to other municipal services, such as police and fire protection.

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Sounds & Views:

19. Identify the scope of desirable views as well as objectionable views.

20. Potential sources of congestion and noise.

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Neighbourhood Area Data:

21. Evaluate the compatibility of adjacent and proposed land uses.

22. Map cultural and historical resources that should be preserved.

23. Consider how the existing scale and character of the neighbourhood or area might affect the building design.

24. Map the proximity to public, commercial, educational, medical, and recreational facilities. (LEED SS Credit 2: Development Density and Community Connectivity).

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