4 Simple Steps for Application of Distemper Paint

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Distemper paints are the updated form of whitewash. They are water based-paint mostly used on interior surfaces.Application of distemper paint is same as the application of whitewash or colour wash.The difference is only that surface of finished distemper paint is superior to whitewash or colourwash.

There are many distemper paint manufacturers are available in the market. They provide their product datasheet in which they provide instructions as to how to use their product. These given instructions should be followed strictly to achieve the best effect and results.

However, we here give you step by step application of distemper paint which can help you ever with above instructions.

Step:-1 Surface Preparation

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New Surface Preparation:

  • If you want to paint a new plastered wall, allow it to cure completely. As manufacturer recommend to allow 28 days as curing time for new masonry.However allow moisture to dry completely 3 to 6 month period desired depending upon local climate where there is a high humidity.
  • Remove the loose particles, dust, dirt, grease, wax, mortar dropping, etc. with the help of wire brush or putty knife.
  • Wiped off the whole surface with the help of the dry cloth.

Old Surface Preparation:

  • Remove the loose particles, dust, dirt, grease, wax, mortar dropping, growth of fungus, algae, dampness, etc. with the help of wire brush or putty knife.
  • Rubbed the old surface thoroughly with sand paper. Wash the whole surface and leave for drying.
  • Fill the holes and cracks (upto 3 mm) with the putty or gypsum and leave for hardening.
  • Sand the wall with the sandpaper to make a smooth surface and wipe off the dust with dry cloth.

Step:-2 Application of Putty

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  • Apply one coat of primer before the application of putty and dry it overnight. Some putty manufacturers recommend the application of primer before putty and some do not. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions as it might be governed by the quality and specification of putty.
  • Apply the first coat in a vertical “bottom to top” fashion by using a putty blade/spatula/ trowel or any finishing tool.
  • Leave the first coat of putty, dry completely for a minimum 6 to 8 hours.
  • After drying of the first coat of putty just rub the surface gently with emery paper to remove the loose particle.
Courtesy - Shutterstock
  • After finishing the first coat start applying the second coat of putty on the wall.
  • Leave the surface to dry completely for 8 to 12 hours. After complete drying of second coat rub the surface very gently to remove unevenness with the help of using sand paper of not less than 500 number to get a glossy white surface.
  • The minimum thickness of the coats should be limited to maximum 1.5 mm. If it is thicker, it may peel off or will cracks.
  • Drying time may vary per the temperature, humidity and thickness. For instance, drying time will be significantly longer in cool and damp conditions and thick coating.

Step:-3 Application of Primer (Prime coat):

  • After application of the putty, priming coat is applied to ensure a good bond between distemper paint and the surface and create the better finish. It lays the foundation of paint and increases the coverage of the paint.
  • Apply first coat of primer with brush or roller and leave it for dry. After the drying of the first coat of primer apply the second coat and leave it to dry for 8 to 12 hours.

Step-:4 Application of Distemper Paint:

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  • Dilute the paint as per the dilution ratio as recommended by the manufacturer.
  • After the application of primer, apply the first coat of distemper paint with the help of brush or roller and leave it for dry for 12 to 16 hours.After the drying of the first coat of distemper paint apply the second coat and allow it to dry overnight.

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