Colours affect us in numbers of ways, it affects physically and mentally both. By using colour consciously and harmoniously you can create spectacular results. For example, a red colour has been shown to raise the blood pressure, while a blue colour has a calming effect.
The colour wheel or colour circle is the basic tool for combining colours. The first circular colour diagram was designed by Sir Isaac Newton in 1666. The design of a colour wheel is so virtual that you will pick any colour from it will look good together. Many variations of the basic design are made over the year, but most common version is the wheel of 12 colours based on RYB (Red, Yellow, Blue) colour model.
There are number of colour combinations, these are called harmony in colour or colour chords and they consists two or more colours with a fixed relation in the colour wheel.
Types Of Basic Colours:
There are total 12 colours in the colour wheel. They are divided according to below:
Red, Blue and Yellow are the primary colours. They cannot be made from any other colours.
Orange, Purple and Green are the secondary colours. These colours can be made by mixing the primary colours.
The colours that can be made from mixing of primary and secondary colours are known as the tertiary colours.
If you are decorating your colourful interior, these colours will help you to select the colours of your choice.
Here are some colour schemes:
Complementary Colour Scheme:
Complementary colour scheme is the simplest. This colour scheme have two colours which sits opposite to each other in colour wheel.
Generally one colour acts as the dominant shade and other as accent.
For example, red and green, blue and orange, yellow and purple.
This colour scheme have extremely high contrast, when you want to draw attention to the particular element or design you can use these colour scheme to bring extra vibrancy.
If you want o use these colour scheme, you need to embrace neutrals. Neutral colours will provide a place for your eye to rest and keep you from becoming overwhelmed in the room.
Split-Complementary Colour Scheme:
This colour scheme is the variation of the complementary colour scheme. In addition to the base colour, it uses the two colours adjacent to its complement. This colours scheme has the same strong visual contrast as the complementary colour scheme, but has less tension.
Split complementary colour scheme is often a good choice for beginners, because it is difficult to mess up. If you like complimentary colour scheme but are afraid it may be a little more bold for your taste, then split complimentary is a safer choice. This colour scheme works best when you use your base colour as the dominant.
Analogous Colour Scheme:
This colour scheme is the variation of the complementary colour scheme. In addition to the base colour, it uses the two colours adjacent to its complement. Typically, two colours will be either primary colours with the third shade being a mix of the two and secondary colour. For example, you can choose red, orange, and yellow or red, purple and blue.
Analogous colour schemes are often found in nature and are harmonious & pleasing to the eye. Make sure you have enough contrast when choosing an analogous colour scheme.
Choose one colour to dominate, second to support and third most vibrant colour is used as an accent.
Triadic Colour Scheme:
Triadic colour scheme, sometimes also referred to as a triad, refers to three colours with equal space between them on the colour wheel. Primary colours ( red, blue and yellow) are the perfect example of this colour scheme.
In this scheme, colour arrangement is often extremely bold, because the colours are in high contrast and pure hues are often used. This colour scheme is mostly used in children’s bedroom.
Tetradic Colour Scheme:
In tetradic colour scheme, colour temperature plays an important role. Try to make sure that you choose two warm colours and two cool colours to fill space. Using even amount of both will help to bring balance in your space.
The tetradic colour scheme, also sometimes referred as a rectangle scheme because of the shape it makes on the colour wheel.