Benefits of Using Steel Vs Wood When Building a House!

Benefits of Using Steel

Building a structure entails using the right materials. Two common materials used in building a structure are steel and wood.

Steel is resilient so that you can rely on its long-life performance for any building project. On the other hand, wood makes building any structure faster as compared to bricks or cement, as seen in American houses. So, should you build a structure using steel or wood?

In this article, you’ll learn the benefits of using steel over wood when building a house.

Benefits of Steel

01. Steel is Eco-Friendly

Many people would think that wood is more eco-friendly than steel because it’s a natural material sourced in trees. However, the availability of trees is not as many as they used to be in the past. Climate change is one of the disastrous results of cutting trees for construction and other building projects.

On the other hand, steel is a more eco-friendly material because it can be reused and recycled over and over again. Also, steel structures are significantly lighter as compared to concrete, requiring less extensive foundations, which reduces the build’s environmental impact. Lighter and fewer materials mean easier transportation and reduced fuel consumption as compared to concrete and solid wood.

To drive the point home, read 6 Ways That Steel Building Structures Are Eco-friendly to find out more why steel buildings are more eco-friendly than wood.

02. Durable Structural System

In engineering, a structural system is composed of a substructure and a superstructure.

(a) Substructure

A substructure refers to the part of a house, or a building’s structural system, found below ground level. Also, it includes the foundations and columns below ground level.

(b) Superstructure

Superstructure refers to the part of a house’s structural system found above the ground level. Thus, it includes the whole structure except those parts found below the ground level – columns above the ground level, bridge deck, slabs and beam, trusses, and pier above ground.

Here’s a comparison guide when using steel vs wood for your home or building’s structural system:

  • Unlike wood, steel won’t rot, mold, warp, crack, split, or creep.
  • Steel is not vulnerable to pests and insect damage, like nuisance termites.
  • Wood tends to contract or expand with moisture content, but steel doesn’t.
  • Steel is not flammable and combustible, whereas wood can be fire hazards.
  • Steel can better withstand natural disasters, like hurricanes, earthquakes, and tornados since it’s sturdier than wood.

03. Steel is a Flexible Building Material

Steel houses and buildings have higher resistance, and steel construction doesn’t cost as much as wood or concrete construction. Also, steel construction has become common because of its flexibility and strength.

A steel building, as compared to a wooden structure, is not prone to destruction or collapse, saving its occupants. Wood construction material can easily break down or collapse.

Here are the different types of steel used in construction:

(a) Plain Carbon Steel

It’s also called mild steel, which has 0.05 to 0.25 percent carbon. It’s the most common steel type in building construction, which promotes sturdy built because of carbon steel.

It’s immensely flexible and ductile with great plasticity and weldability, enduring harsh environments and calamities, such as earthquakes without causing cracks.

(b) Rebar Steel

It’s also called reinforcing steel, which is made of carbon steel and commonly used as a tension device in reinforced concrete or masonry structure.

Rebar steel holds concrete into compression with immense expansion potential and recyclable tendencies.

(c) Structural Steel

Shapes can be made out of structural steel that’s formed from a precise cross-section. Structural steel has different shapes, including I-Beam, HSS shape, Z shape, L shape or angle, T-shaped, structural channel or C-beam, rail profile, plate, bar, rod, and open web steel joist. This steel type is also fire resistant.

If you want to know about few other Types of Steel used in construction, Refer: Steel Reinforcement Types and their Properties!

04. Steel Can Save You Money

Steel is a building block not only in different commercial construction projects but also in residential settings. This durable metal finds great use in residential construction as a solid framing material. Steel construction is popular because of the rising cost of lumber. It’s done to conserve natural resources, including timber.

As mentioned earlier, the lifetime of steel is far longer than wood. The wood material can mold, rot, and get damaged sooner than steel, which means more money spend on repairs and replacement. Thus, save money in the long run and save yourself from stress and hassle repairing or replacing damaged wood structures by using steel material.

05. Great Value for Your Home or Building

By investing in a steel-constructed house or commercial building, it’ll definitely increase the real estate value of your property if you will sell it in the future. Because steel is known for its unmatched strength, future home buyers or commercial property investors find steel structures more appealing and practical to buy.

Here’s how a steel house or commercial building provides overall great value:

  • Steel properties are remarkably strong not only in how they look but right from the inside structure, most especially having a solid foundation.
  • Property buyers don’t need to spend money on early repairs and replacement of wooden structures.
  • Steel structures, including chimneys, reflects a modern look for your property or state-of-the-art atmosphere for anyone who’ll visit your property.

How to Choose the Best Steel Material for Your Building Project?

01. Talk to a trusted steel manufacturer or supplier to find out the best steel material for your home or commercial building project. The steel type would depend on the scope, size, and requirements of your building project.

02. Compare and choose the best steel material with the help of an engineer, contractor, or builder you’ll be assigning the project.

03. Check the specifications of the best steel material appropriate for your construction project. Combining steel with other materials is a good idea to achieve the perfect look and functionality of the structure at a price you can afford.

Also Read: 8 Tips for You to Buy Steel Bars!


When it comes to building houses or any construction project, steel is a lot better than wood. It’s durable, flexible, fire-resistant, and can sustain harsh weather conditions. While wood houses and buildings are elegant to look and are fast to construct, they’re prone to fire accidents because wood is combustible and flammable, especially when exposed to gas.

Choosing steel over wood is an eco-friendly way to create a house or building that’ll stand strong and last for many years. Only entrust your steel construction to a reliable steel supplier or manufacturer and contractor to ensure successful project outcomes.

Must Read:

Advantages and Disadvantages of Steel Structures!

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