11 Carpentry Power Tools for Wood Worker!
Monalisa Patel is a Structural Engineer who has earned her Master’s degree (ME) from the L.J College of Engineering and Technology Ahmadabad in 2018. She is an Engineer (Civil) at SDCPL – Gharpedia. Helping people to solve their queries about construction is her passion. Apart from being blogger, she also participates in structural design at SDCPL. She is reachable on LinkedIn, Twitter, Instagram & Facebook.
Carpenters or woodworkers are important for almost every construction projects. Woodwork is not possible without the tools, which are called carpentry power tools. So if you are interested about all the carpentry power tools required to carry out carpenter’s work, we have listed them here for your instant reference. The right and proper tool for the wooden project or even for a DIY scheme is critical in manufacturing a quality end-product within a stipulated time frame.
Carpentry Power Tools for Wood Worker
Let’s now understand the above tools in their outline details.
Carpentry Power Tool 1: Circular Saw
Circular saw is one of the most common types of power tool, and it is a type of saw that uses a toothed\abrasive disk or blade to cut using a round (rotary) motion. It consists of the frame surrounding the top and sides of the saw itself for protection, leaving the bottom to get cutting done. It is a perfect tool for straight cuts along the board’s length.
Woodworkers use Circular saw for cutting sheets such as plywood, MDF etc. with as much accuracy as that of a table saw if used with a clamp as the straight edge. Circular saw performs as the initial hand-held power tool, particularly when you are working with tight budget.
However, they can also be used for making bevel cuts with models that have not only depth adjustment ability but the user can have the facility of the bevel adjustments. They’re available in corded and cordless variety.
Carpentry Power Tool 2: Power Drill
Although cordless drills due to portability are the first choice of many, corded drills are not only less expensive; they are more versatile and powerful. It has many options in size i.e. 3/8 inches (10 mm) or ½ inch (12.5 mm) chuck, keyed or keyless chuck, and so on.
Different types of drills are used in carpentry. Mostly three types of drills are frequently used and these are regular drills, hammer drills, and impact driver drills. Power drills are available in portable and battery-powered versions, and sometimes they also come with a cord. Regular power drills offer one important advantage. By just changing the bit, you can also quickly turn this power drill into an electric screwdriver. By simply flipping a switch to the side, the bit gets changed from the clockwise to an anti-clockwise rotation. Hammer drills offer more force. The bit goes back and forth, which allows you to bore easily through other enduring materials like concrete with better ease. Impact driver power drills work on the same principle as hammer drills, but with lesser force. Power drills are one of the most versatile and best woodworking tools you can have in the carpentry gearbox.
Also Read: 10+ Basic Carpentry Tools List for DIY
Carpentry Power Tool 3: Nail Gun
A nail gun would be one of the best companions while you will be doing a woodworking project. Nail guns are manufactured to drive nails into wood (and other materials). This tool replaces the nails and hammers, and it drives nails much faster and efficiently than its manual counterpart. The gun is one of the best tools that can save your money and time during the carpentry process. There are multiple models with different power range; you have to select the right model according to your requirement.
Carpentry Power Tool 4: Jigsaw
Jigsaw is one of the important tools for the beginner woodworkers. It allows you to cut woods in rounded and circular patterns. Although many carpenters prefer a band saw, as it is more accurate, but jigsaw is highly effective for beginners. It is also called Sabre Saw.
Jigsaws tools are ideal for cutting curves and complex shapes from the wood plank. They also work well for making short crosscuts on a wooden board and finishing inside corner cuts that you start with a circular saw. But they are not good for making long, fast straight cuts where a circular saw works better. For flexibility, you can choose an orbital-action, corded jigsaw that has an easy blade changing system.
Carpentry Power Tool 5: Palm Sander
A good palm sander is crucial to any woodworker’s power tool collection. It will use ¼ of a sheet of sanding paper and is small enough to get into tight places. However, be careful not to sand patterns on finished work with the palm sander. Palm sander generally moves in a circular pattern, or in the back and forth direction. Either way, it can leave swirls and streaks on your wood that show up once it is stained. So you should be sure to keep it moving across the surface you are sanding so that it does not sand grooves into the wood.
Apart from the carpentry tools, we have also written article on construction tools for home renovation project, you may Know in detail from here,
Carpentry Power Tool 6: Random Orbital Sander
Random Orbital Sander
Random orbital sander is another basic category hand-held power tool that any beginner will prefer to buy. It is more expansive than a palm sander. But as it uses a random motion, it does not sand in patterns. It is because it uses hook and loop fastened sanding disks.
A random orbital sander is a good tool for getting an incredibly smooth and scratch-free finish. It is a sander that moves the sanding media in a circle (spinning it) while at the same time moving the entire pad in a slightly oval orbit around the center of the sanders z-axis. In simple word, the sander keeps the sanding particles in making contact with the same section of wood over and over resulting in a uniform finish.
However, do make sure that your local store has sanding disks readily available. This is the most essential buy for removing or reducing any marks left due to previous sanding. Using progressively finer grit can remove the unwanted marks.
Carpentry Power Tool 7: Compound Miter Saw
Compound Milter Saw
It is less expensive than a table saw but it is extremely useful for cutting compound angles i.e. beveled, mitred and combination cuts.
The compound miter saws work as a valuable tool for the carpenter. It is called a miter saw because the base of the saw is known as the table, which can be rotated both in left and right to allow the saw to cut at different angles or miters, other than 90 degrees. Moreover, the saw blade itself can be beveled in either direction depending on the type of saw, to make the bevel cuts. Once you get used to work with it, the use of circular saw will keep on reducing.
Carpentry Power Tool 8: Wood Router
It remains one of the most recommended tools for wood-work beginners. A stationary bare model will help you to perform quite a number of tasks. It can also be mounted on a router table.
The wood router is the most versatile power tool in the wood worker’s tool-range. It is a semi-portable tool that a worker can run manually. It is mostly used to hollow out wood and make cutouts with finest precision. Its usage extends further than woodworking, as routers can also be used on any other material, from plastic to aluminum cutting. Always prefer a model that has variable speed controls or the ability to operate with slower speed, which is needed for larger cutting bits. Also prefer a model where you can change the bits and has soft start mechanism.
Carpentry Power Tool 9: Power Tools
Power tools are not for the beginners, however a circular saw is the most widely used power tool. The standard size of a circular saw for carpentry is one with 7 1/2 inches blade diameter. They cut long and straight lines on panels, siding and almost any type of lumber. Other power saws include miter saw for cutting angles and reciprocating saw for tight spaces and cutting through nails or screws. Drill/drivers are used for boring holes and driving screws in wood. It is needless to mention that corded tools are getting replaced by battery powered tools.
Carpentry Power Tool 10: Drill Press
While most holes are drilled with a power drill, there are some applications in woodworking where a drill press is invaluable. The drill press provides the ability to do precision drilling and delivers especially accurate large-diameter holes.
One of the best features of a drill press is its ability to set the depth of the hole. This is especially useful when a number of holes are needed to be drilled, all of the same depth. It also allows you to use Forstner bits, hole saws, and spade bits, drilling wide diameter holes to depths that would be very difficult to drill manually.
Carpentry Power Tool 11: Table Saw
Once you have the above-mentioned power tools in your arsenal, and you’ve time to get comfortable using them, it’s time to make your first major tool purchase. The table saw is the soul and heart of every woodworking shop. It is the centerpiece around which all the other tools are used and organized. Hence you should buy the best table saw that you could comfortably afford. Take the time to learn which features you really want, and which fits your budget the best as well as complement your needs.
According to ‘R. Chudley and R. Greeno’ (Building Construction Handbook), except for the portable electric tools such as drills, routers, jigsaws and sanders, most of the woodworking machines need to be fixed to a solid base and connected to an extractor system to extract and collect the sawdust and chippings produced by the machines.
Hope the aforementioned tips on carpentry power tools hereby will help you in your DIY project completion.