Functional Requirements of Stairs!
Richa Parmar born & brought up in Navsari, a town in Gujarat picked up a degree as an Architect from The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda after pursuing Diploma in Architecture Assistantship from Surat. Passionate in the field of designing & creativity, she tries to do a lot of research in her field & implements the same in her work. She has been creating excellent imaginative designs that fit in the budget & also fulfils the needs of clients. Her inclination towards nature has made her take up a lot of challenging assignments in the subject of “landscape” and also has made her initiate to write blogs. Presently she works as an Operational Head cum Architect Blogger for “Gharpedia” portal. Her blogs keep long term impact on the readers’ mind which shows her commitment to producing excellent results by attracting traffic to her writings. Regardless of her tasks, she also briefs her team for streamlining the process more effectively within proper strategies. Looking at her softer part in life, she loves painting, reading & travelling. She is a hardcore fan of dogs and also has one at her home. You can reach her at LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Quora & Medium.
In the design of any stairs people generally look upon its aesthetics and appearance, but for effective and efficient use of stairway one must know its functionality and use along with its appearance. The primary function of stairs is to provide access to another floor, safe and easy means to travel, a degree of insulation, escape route in case of fire, etc.
Also Read: What are the Components of Staircase?
Therefore any stairs should satisfy the following functional requirements:
01. Strength and Stability:
Stairs like floors must carry the weight of people using them with the additional weight of any furniture and equipment that may be transported over them. As with floors the loads on stairway should be related depending on use and classification of the building. Therefore staircase should be able to support for movement between floors including dead and imposed loads.
02. Safety in Use:
The staircase should comply with the building regulations in determining the riser, tread and headroom of stairs and the dimensions of handrails and guarding.
03. Fire Safety:
Stairs are the principle means of escape to the outside in case of fires in buildings. Therefore staircase should be constructed of materials that are capable of maintaining stability and strength for a period of time, sufficient to escape outside the building. The size of steps (i.e. riser & tread) and width of the sufficient stairway should be adequate for the safe escape of those in the building.
04. Sound Insulation:
Sound insulation is necessary for any staircase in order to reduce sound transmission from one storey to other. The main form of sound transmission is the impact sound. The effective insulation against this is to provide sound absorbing finishes to the tread of stairs. Unfortunately, the open well staircase between storey’s of the building carries the airborne sound particularly well, but this is very little to reduce the sound apart from placing a sound absorbing finishes on surrounding walls.