How to Grow Citrus Tree & Take care of it in Your Garden?
Our gardens are capable of having any plant grow and sustain. The only key to success, however, lies in knowing all the details that are necessary to ensure their well- being. Citrus plants are one of the very common plants that you would see in any household garden. One of them i.e. lemon finds vast usage in everyday life and is suitable for general health upliftment too. If you are planning to plant a citrus variant here we are going to give you tips on how to grow citrus tree and how to take care of it.
List of Some Common Citrus Trees Across the World
Some common citrus trees that can be grown in most countries are:
Where to Plant a Citrus Tree
A subtropical plant the citrus trees need sunshine to grow. They grow well in temperatures above 28 degree Fahrenheit however if you try and grow them in temperatures below that you may not be so successful.
You can shift the tree for the winter months and once the same is over you may shift it back. Spring would be the best time to plant the tree as in the coming months they get the sunshine they rightfully deserve.
Drainage for Citrus Tree is Must
One more point that most people tend to forget is checking the drainage of that area. The drainage of the citrus plant needs to be very good in order for it to flourish. In order to test the drainage first make a hole that is 1 cubic foot deep and then fill it with water. Leave that hole to drain.
Fill this hole again and if it is taking more than an hour to drain off then the area is not particularly suitable. You may add some amendments to it or try and plant the tree in a raised bed or a large container.
Do you know that you can plan a garden in all the season? Know more here,
Planting a Citrus Tree
According to ‘Parle Milind & Chaturvedi Dev’ (Published in: Orange: Range of Benefits, 2012), a standard size grapefruit or orange tree can take up to 18 to 30 feet height whereas the dwarf varieties remain in a smaller range. Here are tips to start planting these varieties in your home.
- Firstly choose the site where you would want to plant the tree. In normal circumstances, there should be a distance of 15 feet from any other tree or the house. Citrus trees do not like standing water and sandy soils are a must for them to flourish. A location that gets full sun is ideal though you could do with one that is getting 50% sun exposure as well. Try and plant the tree where the winds do not create much havoc like the southern side of your home.
- Clear away all the weeds and grass that are already present there. You will have to dig a hole that is at least 8-10 inches bigger than the tree’s root. Do remember to fill the hole with water first.
- Next, pick up the plant from the pot it is in and place it in the hole. You have to take care that you plant it only till the level as it was kept in the nursery. Keep adding soil to the hole so that you are able to fill all the air pockets.
- In case the rains are not up to the mark you would have to water the plant on a regular basis.
- If you are going to plant in a container then first select one that is between 5 to 15-gallon size. Next, find a soil mix which you would have to add. The soil needed has to be well-drained and not just heavy topsoil.
- Place the soil in the pot so that it remains over the soil already present there. Finish the filling of the pot and see to it that there is no scope for air to enter.
- Keep watering it regularly but do so only after the water has dried completely. If you leave the water standing there it is quite likely that its roots might get damaged.
Taking Care of a Citrus Plant of Your Garden
Next on the agenda is taking care of the plant which is not going to be very tough. Follow the below points to keep the tree maintained.
- Once you have planted the tree you will have to take care that you are giving it a dose of a balanced fertilizer. These needs to be done every 3-4 months and the dose should be 1-2 lbs as per the age of the tree. Apply the fertilizer near the drip line instead of the trunk. For citrus plants, slow-release fertilizers are best and you should read the instructions given by the fertilizer manufacturer.
- Slow-release fertilizers are those which release their nutrients slowly over a period of time. These may be natural, organic fertilizers that would decompose and nourish the soil. Commercial slow-release fertilizer is one that is coated with plastic resin or sulfur-based polymers. Upon exposure to heat, water, and sunlight these fertilizers decompose. Usage of the same removes any risk of fertilizer burn. Apart from that, they stay in the soil for a longer duration thus providing better results.
- All fertilizer companies have their slow-release versions. You can choose from Scotts, Schultz, Miracle-Gro, Vigaro, and Osmocote just recheck the ingredients and specifications of each carefully.
- Mostly for citrus trees you should not use mulch in any form. However, if you have already used it for the other plants then you would have to keep 12 inches of bare ground between the mulch and the tree trunk. You could use herbicides to stop any weeds from growing near the plant.
- Citrus trees cannot tolerate cold as we have already mentioned above. During such weather conditions, you would have to take steps to ensure its proper care. If frost has been forecasted you could cover the plant with a sheet or a blanket. However, once the temperature increases remove the same.
- You have to make sure that you do not prune the tree after a frost has happened. If no new growth can be seen on the plant even till spring, it is possible that some sort of damage has happened. Growth above the graft is a good sign and means the plant is in good shape. However, any growth below the bud union is just useless and should be removed.
- Common pests that may bother your citrus plants are white flies, life miner, and scale. They can be easily removed using organic products purchased from any decent home store. In case you are unable to understand what seems to be wrong with the tree, pluck an infected leaf and get it checked from gardening professional.
Citrus trees get preferential treatment especially in areas where the temperature in summers remains high. Their medicinal and refreshing properties make them a good plant choice for the home. However, you need to be extremely careful when the winters arrive. A little bit of negligence is sufficient to make your plant suffer and wither within no time. Being careful and sincere in your efforts at that time would surely help. I think you are now aware of how to grow citrus tree in your backyard. Furthermore, you may hire arborist at treeserviceremoval.com for rightly maintaining your citrus trees.