Things to Keep in Mind Regarding Anthropometrics While Designing
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Anthropometry is the science which deals with the measurements and proportions of the human body; it is the comparative study of these measurements. The main aim of using anthropometry in design is to give a user friendly space, furniture or any other product. The use of these practices in architecture means that the design must fit the human body, rather than the people adjust themselves in the building. Human dimensions inspire the dimension of the building. However, while designing, it is important to remember that people are of different sizes and shapes.
The size of room, and height of rooms, doors have all been followed and have come in practice based on human dimension. It is the reason that height of doors around 7’0” and height of room around 10’0”. Width of door is around 3’0” to 4’0” for normal residential use. Similarly, the length of bed is around 6’0” to 7’0” and width around 3’0” for single bed.
Anthropometry is related to:
01. Comfort Level:
The dimensions of the spaces have to fit the dimensions of users. That involves making sure that ceiling level are high enough, doorways, hallways are wide enough and rooms are large enough to accommodate the users inside them. To do this, architects must take into account average heights and width of the activities of users to make sure that everyone can walk through the building with ease.
02. Space Requirements:
Another use of anthropometry in architectural design is using human sizes to estimate the approximate size of space that is required for various habitable spaces. For example, when designing kitchen, you have to verify that there is enough space for a working platform, storage and other equipments like refrigerator, microwave, mixture to fit inside it.
03. Buildings and Variations:
Along with accommodating sizes of spaces and furniture space, you also have to plan for the purpose of the building. If you are designing a hospital, you should keep in mind that, there is enough space in the hallways for gurneys (stretchers) and people moving in it. So, people alongside it can walk quickly and comfortably. If the building is a public area, there should also be enough space for the children, handicapped and elderly to be able to get around. Elevators should also be in the design for both the elderly and handicapped.
The difficulties of using anthropometry in architecture are that, the size of human body varies based on age, sex, region and even socio economic factors. It happens that the standardized dimensions of one region will not preferable for the other due to the variation of the sizes. e.g. Asian peoples are shorter than the English people. So, we can’t use the standardized dimensions of them visa versa. At the same time minute human dimensions may be useful only for the fashion designers, make-up artist, hairdresser and so on and not for the architects and interior designers. Architects must think about human dimensions while a user is in motion and participating in different activities.