The first necessity for storing bagged Portland cement is a building or shed which is completely weatherproof.
A typical storage building salient features of which may be noted as follows:
01. The warehouses or godowns of cement should be avoided in low-lying ground areas.
02. Storage in a basement should be avoided and should be done in the first or higher floors.
03. The physical condition of storage should be analyzed in-person before storing cement especially for the rainy seasons. Avoid using new godowns where water leakages through flooring and roofing have not yet been tested.
04. The entry to the warehouse should be having a slope towards the outside and under no circumstance the level should be lower or of the same level as the adjacent road.
05. The roof of the shed/godown must be leak proof reinforced concrete or roof must be having of adequately sloped water tight galvanized/asbestos sheets.
06. The small windows are provided at sill level and normally kept tightly shut. Due to this the moisture or rain water is prevented from entering into the shed.
07. The height of the plinth of the cement godown should be built in such a manner so that the bottom level of the truck is of the same height as that of the godown and therefore the loading/unloading operations of the bags are done conveniently.
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08. The floor of the shed should be of at least 150 mm thick densely compacted concrete slab on rubble soling. It should be in proper line, level and slope.
09. Care should be taken to drain away rain water from the vicinity to protect the floor from dampening.
10. Accumulation of water around the godown or shed, shall be avoided.
11. The drainage system should be checked and maintained on regular basis.
12. Regular follow up with authorities to improve / repair the drainage facilities of the area.