Ceramic Tiles vs Vitrified Tiles – Select the Best Tiles for Your Home

Civil Engineer / Content Writer

Nowadays, tile flooring is the most popular flooring option due to its clean, smooth, impervious, durable, colourful, hard and attractive surface. There are various types of tile are available in market like ceramic, vitrified, porcelain, etc. You will need to think about how you are going to use each room, before you make any decisions of buying tiles.

Also Read: 18 Different Types of Flooring Materials

Both ceramic and vitrified tiles, both can be used on walls and floor tiles. Both types of tiles are available in different variety of colours, design pattern and sizes. Though being used for the same purpose, there is some major difference between ceramic and vitrified tiles, i.e. their properties, availability, cost, etc. Hence, here we have tried to provide a brief comparison of ceramic tiles vs vitrified tiles which will help you to make the correct choice.

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01. Composition

Ceramic Tiles

  • Ceramic tile is made up of mixture of clay (which is generally known as earthen clay) and water only.

Vitrified Tiles

  • Ceramic tile is made up of mixture of clay (which is generally known as earthen clay) and water only.

02. Uses

Ceramic Tiles

  • It is used in indoor as well as outdoor areas. But it is widely used material in interior decoration, due to their low cost.
  • Ceramic tiles flooring are ideal for wet areas like bathrooms, kitchens, etc. as the tiles are not very slippery. But they are less resistance to water.

Vitrified Tiles

  • It is used in indoor as well as outdoor areas. But they are often used in indoors due to their pleasing appearance.
  • Vitrified wall tiles are most suitable for wet areas like bathroom, kitchen, etc.
  • It is the most suitable for high traffic areas like public area, i.e. bank, corporate offices due to their aesthetic look and more durable.
  • Its pleasing appearance and comparatively large sizes, makes it more popular used for in interior and exterior.

03. Look

Ceramic Tiles

  • Ceramic tiles have natural and earthly look in comparison to artificial look of vitrified tiles.

Vitrified Tiles

  • The vitrified tiles have an artificial look compared to the natural look of ceramic tiles

04. Texture

Ceramic Tiles

  • Comparatively rough and external glaze is applied for the glossy look.

Vitrified Tiles

  • It is smooth and glossy. So it will give you an aesthetic look and it is easy to clean.

05. Glazing

Ceramic Tiles

  • Ceramic tiles always have to be glazed for protection.

Vitrified Tiles

  • Vitrified tiles need not be glazed. The shine can be given with manual polish.

06. Properties

(a). Durability

Ceramic Tiles

  • It is less durable as compared to vitrified tiles.

Vitrified Tiles

  • It is more durable as compared to ceramic tiles due to their glass like surface.
  • tiles due to their glass like surface.

(b). Strength (Flexural Strength and Breaking Strength)

Ceramic Tiles

  • It is weaker as compared to vitrified tiles.
  • It has a low flexural strength (22N/mm2) and low breaking strength (200N).
  • It is very porous and hence absorbs water quickly. So the use of ceramic tiles in the outdoor area will cause the tiles to develop cracks quickly.

Vitrified Tiles

  • It is a stronger as compared to ceramic tiles.
  • It has a high flexural strength (35N/mm2) and high breaking strength (700N).
  • It is non-porous and hence absorption of water is negligible. So, it is most suitable for wet areas.

(c). Water Absorption

Ceramic Tiles

  • It is very porous and hence absorbs water quickly. So the use of ceramic tiles in the outdoor area will cause the tiles to develop cracks quickly.

Vitrified Tiles

  • It is non-porous and hence absorption of water is negligible. So, it is most suitable for wet areas.

(d). Frost Resistance

Ceramic Tiles

  • It has low frost resistance as these types of tiles absorb water easily.

Vitrified Tiles

  • It has high frost resistance because its water absorption is low as compared to ceramic tiles.

(e). Resistance to Scratches

Ceramic Tiles

  • It has low resistance to scratches. So the color of the ceramic tiles does not remain same throughout its surface over a period of time.

Vitrified Tiles

  • Vitrified tiles have more resistance to scratches. So even when tiles are scratched, the color of the tiles will remain same.

(f). Staining Resistance

Ceramic Tiles

  • Low resistance to stains.
  • For example, when the oil falls on the surface of the ceramic tiles, it is difficult to remove the stain of oil as compared to vitrified tiles due to texture on top.

Vitrified Tiles

  • High resistance to stains due to its low porosity, glossy finishes and also easy to clean.

(g). Slip Resistance

Ceramic Tiles

  • It is not very slippery as compared to vitrified tiles. Ceramic tiles can be treated to prevent slipping either by adding an abrasive grit to the glaze or texture to the surface.

Vitrified Tiles

  • They are very slippery as compared to ceramic tiles. Vitrified tiles are very slippery when wet.

(h). Color Resistance to UV Light

Ceramic Tiles

  • Direct exposure to sunlight will cause to remove the color of tiles frequently and the tiles may get fade off over a period of time.

Vitrified Tiles

  • There is no effect of sunlight in this type of tiles as the color will remain over a period of time.

07. Advantages

Ceramic Tiles

  • Ceramic tiles installation is easy as compared to vitrified tiles as the ceramic surface will quickly respond to the adhesives than vitrified tiles.
  • Ceramic tiles are less expensive than vitrified tiles.
  • Ceramic tile can also help to reduce your energy use (and bills) by keeping your house cooler in the summer. They also add some insulating qualities to your home in the winter.

Vitrified Tiles

  • Vitrified tiles are smooth, glossy and stronger as compared to ceramic tiles.
  • Vitrified tiles are non-porous. Hence they are more resistance to water as they are best suited for wet areas.
  • They are pre-polished and do not need polishing on site.
  • Available in large sizes. Hence the number of joints less.

08. Disadvantages

Ceramic Tiles

  • The tiles are hard and cannot be cushioned, which is less comfortable for walking and standing.
  • Ceramic tiles do not hold on to heat very well. It can get very cold in the winter, which can be a shock to your toes first thing in the morning. On the other hand, ceramic can be quite comfortable underfoot on a hot summer day.
  • Ceramic tiles are quite heavy which means they are not appropriate for upper story installations as it increases weight.
  • Ceramic tiles absorb more water, so the tiles may get dislodged.
  • Not available in large sizes. Hence number of joints increase.

Vitrified Tiles

  • One of the major disadvantages of vitrified tiles is that they are expensive when compared to the cost of ceramics tiles.
  • In order to ensure the steadiness, high quality adhesives are used. Hence, these are expensive than ceramic tiles.
  • It is slippery when wet. So there are chances of an accident.

09. Maintenance

Ceramic Tiles

  • The maintenance of ceramic tiles is not easy as compare to vitrified tiles.

Vitrified Tiles

  • The maintenance of vitrified tiles is easy because of shiny surface, it is easy to clean.

10. Installation

Ceramic Tiles

  • Ceramic tiles installation is difficult as compared to vitrified tiles, special skilled person is required.

Vitrified Tiles

  • Installation is easy as compared to ceramic tiles. They do not required special skilled person.

11. Size

Ceramic Tiles

  • Usually the ceramic tiles are available in size smaller size
  • Thickness: 6 mm to 12 mm(0.23’’ to 0.5”)
  • General sizes of ceramic tiles
  • 3’’ × 6’’
  • 9’’× 12’’
  • 8‘’× 8’’
  • 4’’× 8’’
  • 12’’× 12’’

Vitrified Tiles

  • Usually the vitrified tiles are available in size 2 ft×2ft (24” × 24’’) or more.
  • Thickness : 8 mm to 12 mm (0.3” to 0.5”)
  • General size of vitrified tiles
  • 23” × 23”
  • 32” × 32”
  • 30”× 30”
  • 40”× 40”, etc.

12. Cost

Ceramic Tiles

  • It is economical as compare to vitrified tiles.

Vitrified Tiles

  • It is more expensive than ceramic tiles.

(a). Material Cost

Ceramic Tiles

  • The price approximately ranges from Rs. 30-400/sq.ft

Vitrified Tiles

  • The price approximately ranges
  • For Regular Size 32’’×32’’- Rs. 30 to 160/sq.ft
  • For Medium Size: >32’’×32’’- Rs. 100 to 200/sq.ft
  • Big Size : 1m × 1m – Rs. 160 to 500/sq.ft

Special Comments

From the above brief comparison of ceramic tiles vs vitrified tiles, both the tiles used for the same purpose, can be used on walls and floor tiles. Ceramic tiles can be used in indoor as well as outdoor whereas vitrified tiles are mostly recommended in indoors only. You need to make the judicial choice according to your need and budget!

The popular manufacturers of ceramic and vitrified tiles are:

Kajaria
Johnson Tiles
Lorenzo
Orient Bell
Somany
Nitco
Varmora
Asian Granito
Cera

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One Reply to “Ceramic Tiles vs Vitrified Tiles – Select the Best Tiles for Your Home”

  1. mistakenly i placed wall tiles to floor .(low cost wall tile).work not completed fully.just i completed upto 75%, TOTAL laying area 300 sq feet.only.what to do may replace it or complete it.

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