Difference Between Framed & Load Bearing Structure

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Framed & Load Bearing Structure are made up of elements like columns, girders, walls, slabs etc. In framed structure, columns and girders transfers the load to the foundation and in load bearing structure, walls transfers the load to foundation.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row]

Courtesy - 123rf

Framed Structure

Load Bearing Structure

  • In framed structure, load transfer path is from slab/floor to beam, beam to column and column to footing.
  • In load bearing structure, load transfer path is from slab/floor to walls and walls to footing.
  • Multi storey buildings can be constructed.
  • Limited storey buildings can only be constructed.
  • Framed structure is more resistant to Earthquake.
  • Load bearing structure is less resistant to Earthquake.
  • Carpet area available is more.
  • Carpet area available is less.
  • Mostly used a form of construction.
  • Rarely used a form of construction nowadays.
  • Excavation for this type of construction is less.
  • Excavation for this type of construction is more.
  • It is less labour intensive.
  • It is more labour intensive.
  • The speed of construction is more.
  • The speed of construction is less.
  • It is less material intensive.
  • It is more material intensive.
  • Cost of repair of the framed structure is more.
  • Cost of repair of load bearing structure is less.
  • Life is reduced if not done with proper technique.
  • Life is not affected with the technique of work.
  • Only skilled worker are needed for its construction.
  • Skilled as well as non-skilled worker can construct.
  • The thickness of wall can be maintained uniform throughout.
  • The thickness of wall cannot be maintained uniform throughout.
  • It is flexible in design as you can shift the location of walls.
  • It is not flexible in design as you can’t remove/shift walls.
  • Room dimension can be changed.
  • Room dimensions cannot be changed as walls have to be above walls.
  • Cantilever elements can be easily included in the system.
  • The inclusion of Cantilever element is a difficult task.
  • The thickness of wall remains same with an increase in height.
  • The thickness of wall increases with increase in height.
  • No Limitation of the span.
  • Limitation of the span.
  • In framed structure, large span areas possible.
  • In load bearing structure, large span areas not possible.
  • There is not much increase in cost with an increase in depth of foundation.
  • Foundation cost of Load Bearing is more than Framed Structure if the depth of foundation increases beyond 1.5m.
  • No limitation for wall/room.
  • Limitation of wall over wall/ room over room.
  • Construction of framed structure is simple.
  • Construction of load bearing structure is cumbersome.
  • Load Bearing walls can be of Brick, Stone, concrete block etc.
  • Large openings in walls are possible.
  • Limitations for openings in walls.
  • In framed structural system external & internal walls serve only the purpose of enclosures for the creation of rooms and protection from the weather.
  • In load bearing structural system external & internal walls serve as a structural element as well as the purpose of the enclosure for protection from weather i.e. rain, sound, heat, fire etc.
Must Read:

Difference Between RCC Framed & Steel Framed Structure
Difference Between Steel Framed & Load Bearing Structure
Difference Between R.C.C. Frame & Load Bearing Structure
Foundation System: All the Basic Things You Need to Know

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