Difference Between Framed & Load Bearing Structure

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Framed & Load Bearing Structure are made up of elements like columns, girders, walls, slabs etc. In framed structure, columns and girders transfer the load to the foundation and in load-bearing structure, walls transfer the load to a foundation.

Load Bearing Structure

01.

Framed Structure

  • In framed structure, load transfer path is from slab/floor to beam, beam to column and column to footing.

Load Bearing Structure

  • In load bearing structure, load transfer path is from slab/floor to walls and walls to a footing.

02.

Framed Structure

  • Multi storey buildings can be constructed.

Load Bearing Structure

  • Limited storey buildings can only be constructed.

03.

Framed Structure

  • Framed structure is more resistant to Earthquake.

Load Bearing Structure

  • Load bearing structure is less resistant to Earthquake. (If it is not done correctly.)

04.

Framed Structure

Load Bearing Structure

05.

Framed Structure

  • Mostly used form of construction.

Load Bearing Structure

  • Rarely used form of construction now days.

06.

Framed Structure

  • Excavation for this type of construction is less.

Load Bearing Structure

  • Excavation for this type of construction is more.

07.

Framed Structure

  • It is less labour intensive.

Load Bearing Structure

  • It is more labour intensive.

08.

Framed Structure

  • Speed of construction is more.

Load Bearing Structure

  • Speed of construction is less.

09.

Framed Structure

  • It is less material intensive.

Load Bearing Structure

  • It is more material intensive.

10.

Framed Structure

  • Cost of repair of framed structure is more.

Load Bearing Structure

  • Cost of repair of load bearing structure is less.

11.

Framed Structure

  • Life is reduced if not done with proper technique.

Load Bearing Structure

  • Life is not affectedwith the technique of work.

12.

Framed Structure

  • Only skilled worker are needed for its construction.

Load Bearing Structure

  • Skilled as well as non skilled worker can construct.

13.

Framed Structure

  • Thickness of wall can be maintained uniform throughout.

Load Bearing Structure

  • Thickness of wall cannot be maintained uniform throughout.

14.

Framed Structure

  • It is flexible in design as you can shift location of walls.

Load Bearing Structure

  • It is not flexible in design as you can’t remove/shift walls.

15.

Framed Structure

  • Room dimension can be changed.

Load Bearing Structure

  • Room dimensions cannot be changed as walls have to be above walls.

16.

Framed Structure

  • Cantilever elements can be easily included in the system.

Load Bearing Structure

  • Inclusion of Cantilever element is a difficult task.

17.

Framed Structure

  • Thickness of wall remains same with increase in height.

Load Bearing Structure

  • Thickness of wall increases with increase in height.

18.

Framed Structure

  • No Limitation of span.

Load Bearing Structure

  • Limitation of span.

19.

Framed Structure

  • In framed structure, large span areas possible.

Load Bearing Structure

  • In load bearing structure, large span areas not possible.

20.

Framed Structure

  • There is not much increase in cost with increase in depth of foundation.

Load Bearing Structure

  • Foundation cost of Load Bearing is more than Framed Structure if depth of foundation increases beyond 1.5m.

21.

Framed Structure

  • No limitation for wall/room.

Load Bearing Structure

  • Limitation of wall over wall/ room over room.

22.

Framed Structure

  • Construction of framed structure is simple.

Load Bearing Structure

  • Construction of load bearing structure is cumber some.

23.

Framed Structure

Load Bearing Structure

  • Load bearing walls can be of Brick, Stone, concrete block etc.

24.

Framed Structure

  • Large openings in walls are possible.

Load Bearing Structure

  • Limitations for openings in walls.

25.

Framed Structure

  • In framed structural system external & internal walls serve only the purpose of enclosures for the creation of rooms and protection from the weather.

Load Bearing Structure

  • In load bearing structuralsystem external & internal walls serve as a structural element as well as purpose of enclosure for protection from weather i.e. rain, sound, heat, fire etc.
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