Difference Between R.C.C. Frame & Load Bearing Structure

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In R.C.C. framed structure, whole load supported on beams & slabs and transferred through columns to footings. In load bearing structure, whole load supported and transferred by masonry wall.

RCC Framed Structure

Load Bearing Structure

Load transfer path is from slab to beam, beam to column and column to footing. Load transfer path is from slabs to walls and walls to footing.
Multi storey buildings can be constructed. Limited storeyed buildings only be constructed.
Though resistant to Earthquake, if not properly designed can be more hazardous also. Less resistant to Earthquake.
Carpet area available is more. Carpet area available is less.
Mostly used form of construction. Rarely used form of construction now days.
Excavation for this type of construction is less. Excavation for this type of construction is more.
It is less labour intensive. It is more labour intensive.
Speed of construction is more. Speed of construction is less.
It is less material intensive. It is more material intensive.
It consumes less brick. It consumes more brick.
It consumes more cement & steel. It consumes less cement & steel.
It is a greener way of construction. It is not a greener way of construction as more bricks are used and making of bricks emits more gases and also consumes fertile top crust of soil.
It is prone to corrosion. It is not affected by corrosion.
Cost of repairs is more. Cost of repair is less.
Life is reduced if not done properly. Life is less effected with the technique of work.
Thickness of wall can be maintained uniform throughout. Thickness of wall cannot be maintained uniform throughout.
There is great flexibility in architectural design as there is no need to construct walls over walls. And hence room layout on different floors can be different. There is no flexibility in architectural design as walls need to be constructed over walls. And hence room on different floors cannot be changed.
There is flexibility in changing room dimensions. It is not possible to change room dimensions.
Cantilever element can be easily provided in the system. Inclusion of Cantilever element is difficult and permitted up to short span only.
Thickness of wall remains same with increase in height. Thickness of wall increases with increase in height.
RCC Frame does not provide additional enclosure to water, fire, sound & heat and infill walls are needed to provide the same. Load bearing provides additional enclosure to water, fire, sound & heat.
No Limitation of span but column/wall may obstruct free area. Limitations of span.
Large span areas possible. Large span are not possible.
There is not much increase in cost with increase in depth of foundation. Foundation cost of Load Bearing is more than RCC framed if depth of foundation increases beyond a limit, say more than 1.2m to 1.5m.
Construction is simple. Construction is cumbersome.
The detailing of beam column joints is very important and needs skill both in design and execution. Provision of plinth and lintel bands, corner reinforcement, reinforcement at openings etc needed to resist Earthquake, Needs skilled labour and makes it cumbersome and time consuming.

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