Difference Between Steel Framed & Load Bearing Structure

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Steel Framed Structure

Load Bearing Structure

Load transfer path is from slab to beam, beam to column and column to footing. Load transfer path is from slab to wall and  wall to footing.
Multi-storey buildings can be constructed. Limited storey buildings can be constructed.
More resistant to Earthquake. Less resistant to Earthquake.
Carpet area available is more. Carpet area available is less.
Mostly used form of construction. Rarely used form of construction.
Excavation for this type of construction is less. Excavation for this type of construction is more.


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It is less labour intensive. It is more labour intensive.
The speed of construction is more. The speed of construction is less.
It is less material intensive. It is more material intensive.
It is prone to corrosion. It is not affected by corrosion.
The cost of repair is more. The cost of repair is less.
Life is reduced if not done with proper technique. Life is not effected with the technique of work.
Only Skilled worker are needed for its construction. Skilled as well as non skilled worker can construct.
The Thickness of wall can be maintained uniform throughout. The Thickness of wall cannot be maintained uniform throughout.
It is flexible in design from architectural point of view. It is not flexible in design from architectural point of view.
Room dimension can be changed. Room dimensions cannot be changed.
Cantilever element can be included in the system. Inclusion of Cantilever element is a difficult task.
Thickness of wall remains same with increase in height. Thickness of wall increases with height, thereby reducing carpet area.
No Limitation of span. Limitation of span.
Large span areas possible. Large span areas not possible.
There is not much increase in cost with increase in depth of foundation. Foundation cost of Load Bearing is more than RCC frame if depth of foundation increases than 1.5m.
No limitation for wall/room. Limitation of wall over wall/ room over room.
Large openings are possible. Limitations for openings.
Construction is simple. Construction is cumbersome.
Weight of Structure is less. Weight of structure is more.

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