Differences Between Electrical Concealed Wiring and Open Wiring!

Modern life is not possible, not worth enjoying in absence of optimum light or illumination. The invention of electrical light has given a new dimension to entire civilization and lifestyle. Life is now different than what our forefather used to live.

Also Read: What Type of Illumination Required for Any Work Place?

Electrical wiring is a process of distribution of electrical energy from the supply to appliances likes television, lamps, air conditioners, etc. by connecting various appliances and equipment for different uses.

One of the most important requirements for any electrical wiring system is safety. Before attempting to wire your house, you must have a solid understanding of the regulations and safety standards to prevent mistakes that might cause shocks, injuries, damage or fire and prove fatal.

Also Read: 10+ Important Electrical Safety Tips to Make Your Home Accident a Shock-free!

Most states don’t allow unlicensed electricians to work on the wiring, so you need to check the “National Building Electrical Code” of your area before beginning any project.

The voltage of a domestic wiring system depends on the types of appliances used in the house. There are different methods for creating the domestic electric circuit.

Long time ago an open wiring system was the most common type of wiring used in every home. But nowadays the concealed wiring system is popular for home electrical wiring.

Here we will discuss about the differences between concealed wiring and open wiring which will help you as far as safe installation of electrical wiring in your home is concerned.

Diffrences-Between-Concealed-and-Open-Wiring

01

Concealed Wiring

  • As a word suggest concealed means “Hidden”. So, this wiring is done inside the floors/walls and it is further concealed/ hidden by plastering the wall. In other words, using plastic or electrical wiring inside a wall, ceiling or floor with plastic or metallic piping is called secret concealed conduit wiring.

Open Wiring

  • As a word suggests open means exposed. It is a wiring method using cleats, knobs, tubes and flexible tubing for the protection and support of insulated conductors running, on walls and not concealed or hidden under any elements of building.

02

Concealed Wiring

  • Concealed conduit electrical wiring system is the most popular, aesthetically beautiful and stronger. It is most as it is common type of electrical wiring used nowadays, as the surface look neat and clean.

Open Wiring

  • Open wiring system does not give aesthetically good look. Nowadays this system is rarely used.

03

Concealed Wiring

  • For concealed wiring system, professional electrician/ technician needs to be more skilled.

Open Wiring

  • Here too, the need of skilled professional electrician/ technician cannot be denied.

04

Concealed Wiring

  • In this system there is no risk of mechanical injury.

Open Wiring

  • In this system there is a risk of mechanical injury to users.

05

Concealed Wiring

  • In this wiring system there is no risk of electrical shock to users from cable.

Open Wiring

  • In this wiring system chance of electrical shock is more to users.

06

Concealed Wiring

  • Concealed wiring helps to maintain the aesthetic look of wall, as it looks neat and clean and render surface plain for further decoration.

Open Wiring

  • The wire runs on surface which gives ugly look. Case of this system, aesthetic look of wall can be maintained by covering it with decorative and protective materials which may add to the cost.

07

Concealed Wiring

  • Concealed wiring system is safe and durable.

Open Wiring

  • Open wiring system is not that safe and durable as compared to concealed wiring.

08

Concealed Wiring

  • Risk of fire due to short circuit inside is always more.

Open Wiring

  • Risk of fire due to short circuit is also present in open wiring system. But it is easily visible so chances of fire can be prevented or reduced easily.

09

Concealed Wiring

  • This system is expensive (costly) as compared to open wiring system.

Open Wiring

  • This system is less expensive (costly) as compared to concealed wiring system.

10

Concealed Wiring

Open Wiring

  • In this system no channels or chase are required in wall. So, less time is consumed.

11

Concealed Wiring

  • In this wiring system all the wires are in closed Electrical conduit, therefore fault cannot found easily and cannot be fixed quickly and easily.

Open Wiring

  • In this wiring system all the cables are in open air, therefore fault can be easily detected and can be fixed quickly.

12

Concealed Wiring

  • It is challenging to work as compared to open wiring.

Open Wiring

  • In open wiring system, installation of wiring on the wall is easy as compared to concealed wiring.

13

Concealed Wiring

  • The whole wiring system cannot replace in short period of the time and material of wiring can or cannot reused at another place.

Open Wiring

  • The whole wiring system can be replaced in short period of the time and material of wiring may be reused at another place.

14

Concealed Wiring

  • Addition/Alteration in concealed wiring is very difficult.

Open Wiring

  • Addition/Alteration in open wiring is easy.

15

Concealed Wiring

  • Concealed wiring is most Reliable and popular wiring system now a day.

Open Wiring

  • Open wiring system is rarely used today.

16

Concealed Wiring

  • Weather conditions like rain, steam, humidity, chemical affects and smoke etc cannot affect easily or effect slowly.

Open Wiring

  • The weather conditions such as rain, oil, vapour, steam, humidity, chemical and smoke can easily and quickly affect open wiring system as compared to concealed wiring system.

17

Concealed Wiring

  • In this wiring system it is very complex to provide any additional connection in future. For additional connections you need help of experts.

Open Wiring

  • In open wiring system it is easy to provide additional connections in future.

18

Concealed Wiring

  • In concealed wiring system changing of location of appliances or switches is quite difficult.

Open Wiring

  • In open wiring system changing of location of appliances or switches is quite easy.

19

Concealed Wiring

  • There is no sag produce in concealed wire.

Open Wiring

  • After some duration sag is produced in open wire.

20

Concealed Wiring

  • Life of this system is long, if good quality cables are provided.

Open Wiring

  • Life of this system is short until and unless quality of wire is good.

21

Concealed Wiring

  • To work on concealed wiring system, you need to plan in advance, and prepare detailed drawings and plan.

Open Wiring

  • To work for an open wiring system, you need less planning in advance as compared to concealed wiring.

22

Concealed Wiring

  • Repair work of this wiring system is very difficult.

Open Wiring

  • Repair work of this wiring system is very easy.

23

Concealed Wiring

  • For concealed wiring, Walls are cut and chase made which makes the walls weak or poor. So, the chances of leakage of water increases and chances of cracks in walls also increases.

Open Wiring

  • There is no need of any chasing work in open wiring work so chances of leakage of water and cracks are not there.

24

Concealed Wiring

  • Further as the chases are done after the walls are constructed; there would be cracks along the chase if it is not filled properly.

Open Wiring

  • There is no need of any chases in this wiring system. Open wiring is done with the help of drilling in the wall. If drilling work is not done correctly, then there is a possibility of cracking in the wall.

25

Concealed Wiring

  • Further many times water travels along the conduit and may travel up to switchboard causing safety concern. Many times ants and other insects appear and travel along chase.

Open Wiring

  • Such types of problems do not appear in the open wiring system.

Hope the points are discussed above will help you in selecting the best wiring system for home and will give a clear idea on selecting amongst either or one.

Also Read:
Rent or Buy a Home – Which is Better?
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Author:

Nidhi Patel

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