Home is not just walls and roof; you need spaces designed and provided for a different purpose and hence you need partition with in the home. A partition wall may be defined as a single wall or partition made up of bricks, studding, glass or such other material and provided for the purpose of dividing one room in two-parts or separating one room from another room. Partition walls are designed as non-load bearing walls. It may be of a collapsible, folding, or fixed type. If partition walls are load bearing type then they are called as ‘internal wall’.
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Advantages of Partition Wall
- Partition walls divide the big areas into a number of rooms so that each can be used for it’s defined purpose.
- It provides privacy to the inhabitant from sight and sound.
- The partition walls are light in weight and cheaper in the cost of construction.
- It occupies a lesser area and can be easily constructed in any position.
Requirements of a Good Partition Wall
Partition wall should satisfy the following requirements:
- Partition wall should be thin in cross-section so that the maximum floor area can be utilized.
- It should provide sufficient privacy in rooms, both with respect to sight and sound.
- Constructed and finished from light, sound, uniform, homogeneous, durable and sound insulating materials.
- Simple, easy and economical in construction having proper coherence with the type of building structure.
- Provide sufficient resistance against fire, heat, dampness, white ant or fungus, etc.
- Rigid enough nature to take the vibrations caused due to loads.
- Sufficiently strong enough to support sanitary fittings and heavy fixtures.
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Various Types of Partition Wall
01. Brick Partition Wall
Brick partition is the most common and economical type of partition wall. There are mainly three different types of brick partition wall:
⇒ (a) Plain Brick Partition Walls ⇐
- Plain brick partition walls are constructed from plain bricks, and it is common and cost-effective.
- The construction of this type of partition wall is done by using the stretcher bond.
- The minimum thickness of the brick partition wall is 10cm.
- The height of construction should not exceed more than 2m one day.
- These walls are plastered on both faces.
- Plain strong brick partition walls are strong and fire resistant, if it is constructed properly.
⇒ (b) Reinforced Brick Partition Wall ⇐
- Reinforced brick partition wall is similar to plain brick partition but the reinforced brick is much stronger due to the placement of reinforcements.
- Reinforcements, which are in form the of wire mesh strips or iron bare, are placed at every third or fourth course.
- Reinforced wire strip width ranges from 25mm to 28mm and thickness is 1.6mm.
- Steel bar diameter is 6mm
- The thickness is equal to 10cm or half a brick.
- They are used when a better longitudinal bond is needed and when the partition wall has to support other superimposed loads.
⇒ (c) Brick Nogging Partition Wall ⇐
- Brick nogging partition wall consists of brickwork built within a framework of wooden members.
- The wooden framework consists of vertical posts (studs), Horizontal members (nogging), sill, and head.
- Studs are spaced at 60 cm to 150 cm and held in position by nogging.
- The timber framework provides stability to the partition against lateral loads and vibrations caused due to openings like and joining doors and windows.
- The top surfaces of the wooden framework coming in contact with brickwork should be coated with coal tar.
- The mortar used for the construction of this type of partition wall may not make the proper bond with timber members and thus the brickwork is likely to become loose after some time, or may exhibit cracks due to unequal expansion or contraction or both.
02. Clay Block Partition Wall
- For clay block partition wall, partition wall blocks are manufactured from clay or terracotta and blocks may be hollow or solid.
- The hollow clay blocks are commonly employed for light partition wall.
- The thickness of the clay block partition wall varies between 6 cm to 15 cm.
- The constructed of hollow clay block partition wall is similar as structural load bearing walls.
- Hollow clay block partition walls are rigid, economical, strong, fire resistant, and good heat sound insulator.
03. Glass Partition Wall
Glass partition wall is light, easy and economical in construction and provides reasonable privacy and sound insulation. This partition wall is constructed from glass sheet or hollow glass blocks which are discussed below:
⇒ (a) Glass Sheet Partition Wall ⇐
- Glass sheet partition wall is constructed by fixing a sheet of glass wooden framework.
- In this type of partition wall, glass sheets are fixed in timber framework using timber beadings or by putty.
- The timber framework consists of a number of horizontal and vertical posts, suitably spaced, to divide the entire area into a number of panels.
- The panels used in this type of partition walls might be rectangular or square and their size varies with the choice of an individual.
- Glass sheet partition wall is light in weight, vermin proof, damp proof, and soundproof.
- The wired glass, bullet proof glass, and three-ply glass are examples of strong glass sheets which are suitable for glass sheet partition wall construction.
⇒ (b) Hollow Glass Block Partition Wall ⇐
- Hollow glass block partition wall is constructed from hollow glass blocks. Hollow glass blocks are translucent glass units which are light in weight and manufactured in various thicknesses, shapes, and sizes.
- The standard size of square hollow glass blocks, which is most widely used, is 14 X 14cm or 19X19cm with a thickness of 10cm.
- In this type of partition wall, the joining edges are painted internally and sanded externally to help the bond between mortar and glass block.
- The front and back faces of walls are either decorated or left plain.
- Block of glass is laid in cement– lime mortar- fine sand (1:1:4)
- Metal strip reinforcement used in this glass block walls are placed at every third or fourth course for block height up to 15 and reinforcement is placed at every course if the block height exceeds 25cm.
04. Concrete Partition Wall
⇒ (a) Cast in Situ Concrete Partition Wall ⇐
- The reinforcement in this partition wall type consists of mild or tor steel bars or BRC fabric is placed in the center of the wall thickness.
- Its thickness ranges from 80mm to 100mm
- It is poured monolithic ally with intermediate columns.
- It is rigid and stables both in vertical and horizontal directions but the framework is costly.
- Concrete grade used in the work is M15 (1:2:4)
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⇒ (b) Precast Concrete Slab Partitions Wall ⇐
05. Plaster Slab Partition Wall
- In plaster slab partition wall, the plaster slab or plasterboard is prepared from burnt gypsum or plaster of paris, mixed with sawdust or other fibrous material to reduce its weight.
- Precast units of plaster slab are prepared in an iron or timber mould with size of 1 to 2m long, 30cm high and 50 to 100mm thick.
- Plaster slab partition wall is provided with suitable grooves to create rigid joints.
- Plaster slab surface of this partition wall may be left smooth or rough and the formwork is not plastered but rough surface act as a key for plaster.
06. Metal Lath Partition Wall
- Metal lath partition wall is strong, thin, durable and considerably fire resistant.
- This partition wall is constructed by placing 2cm or 2.5cm channels vertically (called studs) and fixing metal lath to it on one side.
- Plaster is applied to both the faces of the metal.
- When there is need of hollow partition, metal lath is fixed to the channels on both the sides and then plaster is applied.
07. A.C. Sheet or G.I. Sheet Partition Wall
- These partition walls types are constructed from asbestos cement sheeting or galvanized sheet fixed to a wooden or steel frame.
- It is mostly used in works, where the nature of work is
- Such partition wall is economical, light and fairly rigid if constructed properly.
08. Wood Wool Partition Wall
09. Wooden or Timber Partitions Wall
A timber partition wall that consists of a wooden framework which is either supported on the floor below or by side walls.
- The framework of wooden partition wall consists of a rigid arrangement of timber members which may be plastered or covered with boarding etc. from both the sides.
- Such type of partition wall is not fire-resistant and the timber forming the partition is likely to decay or be eaten away by white ants.
- Nowadays, the use of timber partition walls is decreasing due to its high cost, too.
10. Portable Partition Wall
Portable partition wall is the rolling mobile folding partitions which provide a temporary partition of walls. It has two full panel end members which provide support, rigidity, privacy, and noise reduction. These can be folded and are on wheels enabling mobility and ease of storage.
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Three common uses of portable partition wall are:
- To divide space or room quickly where non-mobile permanent room dividers may be unavailable or unpractical.
- These are economical and cost-effective to create a classroom or meeting room in the existing space.
- Suitable vision divider to conceal door openings to restrooms, commercial kitchens, and other backroom areas.
Portable Partitions are commonly used in:
- Houses/ Churches of Worship/Funeral Homes
- In Conference/Convention Centers
- Corporate and Government offices
- Spas, Salons, and Schools of all levels
11. Bison Panel Partitions Wall
Bison is an ideal choice for partitions for residential, commercial, industrial complexes and public buildings, owing to its excellent qualities of fire resistance and acoustic insulation apart from natural resistance to weather, fungus, and termite and vermin attack. Bison Panel can be used for different drywall partitions including double skin, single skin, with steel and timber studs.
Steel stud partition provide high values of fire resistance and sound insulation. This partition system can be adopted to achieve up to 4 hours fire rating by the use of thermal insulation materials and by providing various thicknesses of bison panel. Recommended thicknesses of this type of partition wall is 10mm, 12mm & 14mm.
- Bison panel partition is highly fire resistant; fire rating up to 4 hours is possible with suitable construction arrangement. Good soundproofing.
- Moisture and weather resistant.
- Termite proof.
- Smooth surface, requiring no putty, lesser primer and paint
- Economical, durable and elegant
12. Plywood and Fiberboard Partition Wall
Plywood can be used for making partitions. It is available in 4 feet wide and 5 to 8 feet long sheets and 1/4 to 3/4 inch thick. It is usually placed vertically from the floor to the ceiling. When plywood is correctly placed with flush joints, the joints do not need to be concealed. However, to enhance wall appearance, joints may be covered with mouldings. Plywood is less expensive and can be covered with paint or covered in the same way as plastered surfaces. Some important points to be considered while using plywood partition walls are:
- It is lighter in weight and hence easy to construct.
- It is neither soundproof nor fireproof.
- It is not suitable for damp areas.
13. Drywall Partition
Drywall, also known as gypsum board or plasterboard is a panel made of gypsum plaster pressed between two thick sheets of paper. Drywalls are majorly used to make interior walls and partitions. Drywall partition system has replaced lath and plaster today because of it is quick to work with.
Installation of Drywall Interior Partition:
Drywall is a wall system consisting of GI steel frame which is encased in gypsum plasterboard. The drywalls are fastened to each other on either side with self-drilling drywall screws. For large partitions and walls, the joints are taped and finished with gypsum jointing compounds.
Features of Drywall Interior Partition:
- Quick Installation
- Dry Construction
- Light Weight and Flexible
- Sound Insulators
- Fire Resistant
- Thermal Security
- All types of Finishes
- Cost Effective
In end, after knowing the above features of different types of partition wall, choose the right partition wall which is most suitable for your home. After all, partition walls offer great creative designs and exquisite styles to your home.