Architect / Content Writer
Rangoli is an art, originated in India in which art or design patterns are created on the floor of entrances, courtyard, pooja or prayer room & living rooms. Rangoli is a Sanskrit word & refers to the creative expression of art through the use of colour. Diwali special rangoli symbolises & marks the beginning of an auspicious occasion. It is generally considered as a good omen. Lately, it has been considered as ‘art of moment’.
Must Read: Home Decoration Ideas for this Diwali Activities!
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Traditionally, finger rangoli were used only on the day of the festival or some auspicious occasion. But in the modern world, Indian art rangoli designs has found a place in opening ceremony, housewarming party, weddings & corporate functions.
The various names for this Indian art rangoli designs & forms are known in different names across India, like
Rangoli in Gujarat, Karnataka & Maharashtra,
Kolam in TamilNadu,
Mandana in Rajasthan,
Chowkpurana in Chhattisgarh,
Alpana in West Bengal,
Jhoti & chita in Odisha,
Aripana in Bihar,
Chowkpujan in Uttar Pradesh,
Muggu in Andhra Pradesh,
Golam in Kerala &
Aipan in Uttarakhand & others!
Diwali special rangoli designs can be anything from a simple flower design, idol impressions to intricate geometric patterns. Finger rangoli designs are passed from one generation to the next, keeping both the art form & tradition alive. Diwali special rangoli generally represents a colourful painting. So, the topmost material required will be colours. Then there are other rangoli materials used to beautify the design.
Let us look at the different types of rangoli materials that are drawn in every home.
Powder Colours Rangoli:
Diwali special rangoli is commonly made by using powder colours. It is one of the most widely used rangoli material. Based on the design & artist, the simple and beautiful rangoli lend an authentic look to any house. You can choose from powered coloured limestone or rice for an amazing look. Even with all these different forms of finger rangoli, symmetry is common in all designs. No matter what design you choose, Diwali is incomplete without rangoli. So, what are you waiting for? Let out your creative side! Create magical rangolis with your imagination & beautiful blend of colours.
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If you are not good at design & finger rangoli, you can also create various designs using different stencils. It is easily available in stores as well as online!
Kolam powder is widely used to do basic of any powdered rangoli. It is a kind of white powder available in India. It is made of special white rock. With the help of this white powder, a boundary or an outline is drawn in which colours are filled later on. White being used symbolises peace, purity & serenity.
Courtesy - Flickr
Diwali special rangoli making is an art & rice plays a significant role in that! The coloured rice is used to draw the simple and beautiful rangoli designs. However, rice is also grinded & made into a fine paste to create simple white rangolis, also known as Alpana in West Bengal.
Different types of pulses are also used. Pulses render a typical texture to Rangoli. Grains are also used for decorative purposes.
Flower Rangoli – Petals:
It takes a lot of dedication to make rangoli using flowers & leaves. Flower rangoli is considered as an auspicious material for rangoli; one can easily create elaborate flower rangoli designs using them. When making rangoli using flowers, you can experiment adorning it with coloured rice, diyas, oil lamp and more to give it a fuller look.
Flower rangoli is fragrant & colourful when used in rangoli design; it takes your creativity altogether to a new level. Flower rangoli petals of jasmine, rose, marigold, daisy & kanakambara (a type of small orange flower found extensively in South India) are used in making rangolis. Methi leaves & strings of garlands are also used to make the outline of rangoli. Diwali special rangoli lamps are lighted to amplify its beauty.
Saw Dust & Marble Dust:
It is heavy in nature & hence, spreads easily. Sawdust could float on water & hence, you can be creative with it. Use diyas, water fountains with your finger rangoli pattern & get a creative look!
If you are not that creative with powder colour or flower rangoli, the Diwali special rangoli made by using poster or fabric colours is a good choice! It can be used to create simple and beautiful rangoli pattern with a brush however, you would need certain expertise to draw rangoli & fill colours with a brush. You can outline the rangoli with chalk powder or brush using white colour. Rangoli created with paint looks like a painting & is long-lasting. These don’t get wear out easily & if you want to clean the floor, you may need to wipe it with water for some days to wipe the traces away completely.
For large & abstract rangolis, coloured stones are the option to go for. You can neatly arrange them in the desired manner & have a simple and beautiful rangoli pattern to display. These can also act a Zen corner for your home. You can use water tubs or fountain somewhere in the rangoli to give it a classy touch!
Artificial or Kundan Rangoli:
Artificial rangoli designs are the colourful patterns made with different coloured materials. These materials include the colourful beads (kundan) of readymade stickers. These stickers are detachable & can be arranged in any patterns as per your choice.