Emulsion Paint: All you need to Know

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Emulsion Paint is basically water based paint. It can be principally used for both internal as well as the external surfaces of the building.

In Emulsion paint, water is used as a solvent. Water is a medium in which the binder, pigment and additives are dispersed in molecular form. Polymers are a binder, forming a continuous film on the surface. Binder used in emulsion paint is alkyd resins, acrylic resins, epoxies, etc.

0308140003-01-Emulsion-Paint
Courtesy - Shuttersock

Application:

  • Emulsion paints are easy to apply and they dry quicker than other water based paint and oil based paint. It can be applied by both brushes as well as a roller. If you are planning to paint your house on your own than follow the “DIY” instructions on the manufacturer’s brochures.
  • Emulsion paints are not ready to use. You have to add thinner (water) before the application. If you don’t add thinner in the paint, there are chances of appearance of various defects on finished paint walls.
  • Emulsion Paints are applied to new as well as the old plastered surface. It is also applied on metal, wooden furniture, glass, and concrete.
0308140003-02-Apply-Emulsion-Paint
Courtesy - Shuttersock

Properties of Emulsion Paint:

Emulsion paints are less toxic as compared to other oil based paints and almost all manufacturer companies claim that it possesses “zero volatile organic compounds”. Washability of Emulsion paints is of medium to high level. Washability mainly depends upon the surface sheen. Some sheen is wipeable & some are washable depending upon the manufacturer’s guide. Emulsion Paints are available in 1 ltr, 4 ltr, 10 ltr, 20 ltr packs. Emulsion paint is available in the market with several different finishes such as matt, smooth, egg shell, semi glossy and glossy. Two coat of emulsion paints can cover up to 100 -160 sqft/lit of the area.i.e for painting 100 sqft of the area you may need 0.6 to 1.0 litre of paint for two coats.

Also Read: All You Need to Know About Distemper Paint

Emulsion paint has many benefits over other usual paint:

  • The surface of emulsion paint is hard and can be easily cleaned by washing with water. Exposure to water will not affect the colour or quality of emulsion paint.
  • Different application techniques can be used such as brushing, spraying, dip, flow, and roller.
  • The emulsion paint is less odorous and non-inflammable hence it is safe for our health
  • Emulsion paints are ideal for ceilings and walls because it is thick and easy to apply. They are humidity – resistant and hence can be easily used in steamy rooms like kitchens and bathrooms.
  • Emulsion paints use water as the medium which carries the colour pigment to the surface that is being painted. By the time the paint dries, the water evaporates completely. These paints have very little risks for humans and animals around because the only thing that evaporates and enters the air is hydrogen and oxygen.
  • Emulsion paints don’t dry, crack or fade in the sunlight.
  • Emulsion paints are less likely to attract the growth of mildew on it.
  • Emulsion paints hold well to almost any surface. It can also use without any pre-treatment.

Different paints have different properties and are formulated for different purposes. Hence they need to have different properties as interior as exterior paint. To understand the difference between interior paints and exterior paints, one needs to understand paint chemistry.

Interior paints are so made that they can be scrubbed and can resist staining. Interior paints are formulated to be more resistant to physical damage. The resins used for interior paints can be firmer because the paint does not have to deal with weather and temperature differences.

Exterior paints are so made to combat against mildew and fading. The resins used for exterior paint can be softer so that it can survive temperature changes and less effected due to exposure to moisture. Exterior paint must be tougher and resist peeling, chipping and fading due to sunlight. Exterior paints are also supposed to resist water hence they are made waterproof and hence need to be flexible.

Most of the manufacturers make 2 to 3 categories of both interior and exterior paints under different “trade name” or “brand name”. This is basically the function of price. Though all brands are technically same and recommended for interior areas, then why are there 2 or 3 different brands with different prices. In our opinion, there is minor variation in material chemistry, which alters its prices. Than how does it affect its quality. In our opinion one with low grade or lower price will have less life (i.e you will have to repaint early), may take time in drying, and are not easily washable as compared to higher grade.

There are various products available for interior as well as the exterior surface in different ranges and under different brands. Some of the typical products of few companies are listed below.

SR NO.

MANUFACTURE’S NAME

PRODUCT NAME

RECOMMENDED AREA

GRADE

01.  Asian Paints Tractor Emulsion Interior Low
Apcolite Advanced Heavy Duty Emulsion Interior Medium
Professional Premium Interior Emulsion Interior Medium
Professional One Coat Premium Emulsion Interior Medium
Royale Luxury Emulsion Paints Interior High
Professional Premium Exterior Emulsion Exterior High
Professional Premium Exterior Emulsion Matt Exterior High
Tractor Emulsion Advanced Exterior High
Professional Endurance Emulsion Exterior Medium
Ace Exterior Emulsion Exterior Low
Apex Weatherproof Emulsion Exterior Medium
Apex Ultima Exterior High
Apex Ultima Protek Exterior High
02.  Dulux Paints Super Clean Emulsion Paints Interior High
Dulux Velvet Touch – Diamond Glo Interior High
Dulux Promise Interior Interior Medium
Dulux Velvet Touch – Pearl Glo Interior High
Dulux Promise Acrylic Exterior Emulsion Exterior Low
Dulux Weather Shied  Max Exterior High
Premium Exterior Emulsion with Silicon Technology Exterior Medium
03.  Berger Paints Silk Luxury Emulsion Paint Interior High
Easy Clean Luxury Emulsion Walls Interior High
Rangoli Premium Acrylic Emulsion Interior Medium
Bison Acyrlic Emulsion Interior Low
Weather Coat All Guard Exterior High
Weather Coat Smooth Exterior Medium
Walmasta Exterior Low
04.  Nerolac Paints Impressions Eco Clean Interior Walls Interior High
Impressions 24 Carat Premium Emulsion Interior Medium
Impression  Metallic Wall Finish Interior High
Pearls Emulsion Interior High
Excel Rain Guard Exterior High
Excel Total Exterior High
Excel Anti Peel Exterior Medium
05.  Shalimar Paints Super Stay Clean Interior High
Superlac Acrylic Emulsion Interior Medium
Silk Emulsion Interior Low
Self Clean Exterior High
Xtra Premium 100% Acrylic Exterior Emulsion Exterior Low
Super Shaktiman Exterior Low
Also Read: Paint Sheens: Make a Big Impact on Your Home

Emulsion paint is also very useful over the porous and wet surfaces. It is quick drying and easier to apply than other paint. The emulsion paint is less odorous and non-inflammable hence it is safe for human health.

Also Read:

11 Qualities that an Ideal Paint Should Possess
What is the Paint & Why Should I Paint my House?
15 Common Home Painting Defects

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