Marble is a natural stone which is used in construction in many ways in buildings and particularly in public and religious structures. In buildings, marble is also used in facades and as a decorative stone apart from flooring.
Also Read: Vitrified Tiles: All You Need to Know!
Courtesy - Shutterstock
Formation of Marble:
Marble is a metamorphic rock. It consists of mainly of calcite or dolomite crystals. Marble is a porous stone, and it is susceptible to scratching and chipping. Marble is a natural flooring material hence each piece differs from the other in colour, texture and pattern and each tile gives its own unique look and appearance. It is extracted in large sheets called slabs. The swirls and veins appear on the marble surface due to various impurities such as clay, silt, sand, iron oxides, or chert which were originally present as grains or layers on the limestone. These impurities have been mobilised and recrystallized by the intense pressure and heat of the metamorphism.
The Hardness of Marble:
Some marbles are also harder and stain-resistant. Marble can be properly finished and transformed into beautiful flooring materials and therefore have been used since old times. Marble is one of the most luxurious and sophisticated flooring materials. When marble is hard it takes still higher polish and gives highly reflective shine. The marble stone pieces which are hard, sound, dense, and homogeneous in texture with crystalline and coarse grains should be used.
Why Marble Stains?
Marble is more porous as compared to granite. Poor quality marble generally absorbs the liquids such as oil, wine, lemon, and vinegar and then it makes a permanent stain on the surface.
Good quality marbles have a long life. Very old buildings in marble are seen at many places.
Colour of Marble:
Marble is a semi transparent and delicate stone that allows light to penetrate into its surface and give out a unique brilliance to the room when installed. Marbles when used should be uniform in colour and free from stains, cracks, decay, and weathering defect.
Marbles are available in various colours.
- White Marble
- Plain Black Marble
- Black Zebra Marble
- Green Marble
- Grey Marble
- Brown Marble
- Pink Marble
The Size of Marble:
Marbles stone are available in sizes up to 10 to 15 feet in length and 5 to 8 feet in width. The large size of marbles will have naturally less number of joints.
Marble Names as Per Region:
Many of the marbles are known by the name of place or region from where they are available like Makarana marble, Italian marble, Ambaji green, Kesarayaji green, and Aandhi etc. Aandhi is a village near Jaipur in Rajasthan, Makarana is a town near Ajmer in Rajasthan, India.All these marbles differ in colour, pattern, and overall properties as the mines and quality of stone are different at different places. All have varieties of colour, design, and wave patterns etc.
Use of Marble:
Marble has been used since ancient times in sculpture and for decorative ornamental construction. Marble flooring is used in residential and commercial buildings, temple, hotels, hospitals etc. Marble is very cold hence it is better suited in warmer climates.
Buying Guide for Marble:
Before buying marble, People get confused as to how the marble will look after polishing. To realise and to have an idea of how it will look after polishing. Splash water on unpolished marble and more or less, it will give a similar look when polished. When you buy marble, sorting is required and a lot to verify whether you get the same pattern, wave & colour.
Guides for Laying Marble Flooring:
Marble is available in a wide variety of colours, pattern, and designs. Marble needs to be laid in proper design and pattern. Otherwise, it will look haphazard, ugly, and thus the whole charm of having marble flooring will be lost, if not laid in a pattern. Marbles are mainly laid with white cement and yellow sand. Marble should be moulded on all four side edges before laying. Thus proper joints space is available due to the moulding of marble. The moulding help during thermal expansion and it will provide not only good bond between two stones. But it will also provide space for expansion so that it doesn’t pop up or buckle under heat like vitrified tiles.
Marble Flooring is easy to clean. Marble is costly material, hence you need a skilled worker to lay the same, and hence it is costly, too. Marble is totally a natural material hence it is eco-friendly and biodegradable, and will not cause pollution at the end of its functional life.