The word cyclone refers only to Location, location, and location! This is especially important when, ocean storms strikes, because the location of the storm determines the name for cyclone i.e. hurricane, typhoon, tropical cyclones. For example, if the storm occurs in the Atlantic Ocean and Northeast Pacific, it’s called a hurricane. If the similar type of storm occurs in the Northwest Pacific, this is a typhoon. And if we find these same storms in the South Pacific and Indian Ocean, these are called tropical cyclones.
Cyclone refers to any spinning storm in the sea, that rotates around a low-pressure centre. The low-pressure centre is also referred to as the ‘eye’ of the storm, which is well known for being eerily calm compared with the areas under the spinning ‘arms’ of the storm. You could say that the eye is watching what’s going on down below, so it needs a clear path, but the arms are where all the action happens because this is where the storm is throwing out all of its rain and wind.
- If weather warning have been issued well in advance then secure loose tiles by cementing, repair doors and windows if necessary.
- Check the surroundings of the house. Remove dead or dying trees, anchor or remove objects like loose bricks, garbage cans, sign-boards, loose zinc sheets etc.
- Keep some wooden boards or asbestos/cement sheet ready so that glass windows can be boarded. If you do not have wooden boards or asbestos/cement sheet handy, paste paper strips on glasses to prevent splinters flying into the house.
- Keep a hurricane Lantern handy filled with fuel (kerosene), also flash light and enough dry cells should also be handy.
- Prepare and store an emergency kit at safe place, containing:
- A portable radio (battery operated), torch and spare batteries (i.e.AA or AAA as per requirements)
- A first aid kit and manual, masking tape for windows and waterproof bags.
- Matchboxes, fuel lamp, portable stove, cooking gear, eating utensils
- Make provisions for children and adults requiring special diets.
- Get extra food, especially dried or canned food and a can opener; also make provision for items which can be eaten without cooking fuel or with very little preparation. Store drinking water in suitably covered vessel.
- Keep all your doors and window shut, so that – blown wind do not create suction in the home causing uplift which may blow away roof like, A.C. sheet, mangalore tiles etc.. , furthermore it will also get wet due to rain.
- Check whether the radio sets is in fully serviceable state. Keep your radio on and listen to latest weather warnings and advisories from the nearest station. Pass only the official information or announcement you have heard from the radio to others.
- If your house is around low lying beaches area, which may get swept due to high tides or storm waves, leave early before your way to high ground gets flooded.
- If your house is out of danger from high tides and flooding from the river or beach, and it is well built, it is then probably the best and safe place.
- Be alert for high water levels in areas where streams of rivers may flood due to heavy rains.
- If your house is situated in one of the evacuation areas of your city, move your valuable articles and luggage to upper floors to minimise flood damage.
- Check surrounding of your house for anything that might blow away due to wind. Kerosene tins, cans, agricultural implements, garden tools, road signs and other objects become weapon of devastation in strong winds. Remove them and store them at a safe place.
- Be sure that a window or door can be opened on the lee side of the house i.e. the side opposite the one facing the wind.
- Be calm. Your ability to meet emergency can inspire and help others.
- You should remain in shelters and obey person in charge until informed by those that you may return home.
- Any loose and hanging wire from the lamp post should be strictly avoided.
- People should keep away from disaster areas unless you are required to assist.
- The houses and dwellings should be cleared of debris from surrounding.
- The losses should be reported to the appropriate authorities.
- Relatives should be promptly informed about the safety of persons in the disaster area.
- Avoid being misled by rumours. And spread only official announcement amongst friends and family.
- Don’t leave shelters until informed by the rescue personals.
- Don’t leave the safer place during lull, however minor repairs can be carried out.
- Don’t touch the loose and hanging wire from lamp post, it may have electric current.
- Don’t stand below tree
- Don’t park car/scooter below trees. Also see that your vehicle are not parked in basement or in low lying area.