If flooring is nicely done, it increases the aesthetic view of house. It is the process of providing clean, smooth, durable and impervious levelled surface to the occupants of the house. Flooring is the process of laying flooring material. There are many different types of flooring available like, granite, brick, laminate, concrete, marble, vitrified, kota stone, etc. Mud flooring is one type of flooring that is most commonly used in rural area.
Also Read: What is Floor, Sub Floor & Floor Covering?
Courtesy - 123rf
The mud flooring is a natural type of flooring. It is most commonly used in residential buildings in rural areas. Mud has been the easiest form of material available for construction of building. It is most suitable for Indian conditions and climates. It has been adopted for various elements in the house in different forms.
Mud flooring is cheap and hard. It is fairly impervious, easy to construct and easy to maintain. It remains cool in summer and fairly warm in winter due to good thermal insulation property.
The method of constructing a mud floor is quite simple. Good quality and clean mud is first selected. Then small quantities of chopped straw are mixed in it along with water to make a consistent paste. Then about 25 cm (10”) thickness of this paste is applied on already prepared floor bed. After that, the floor is rammed properly to get an even and level surface of about 15 cm (6”) thickness.
To prevent the mud floor from cracks during drying, small quantity of chopped straw is mixed in the moist earth, before ramming. Sometimes, cow-dung is mixed with earth and thin layer of this mix is spread over the compacted layer.
Mud floors have to be maintained at least once or twice a week.