Do you want to call a plumber to replace your kitchen sink drain? Don’t! Installing a kitchen sink drain is an easy Do-It-Yourself project. Read this article and learn how to install a kitchen sink drain. Although the installation steps depend on how different the old sink is from the new one, the whole process is a breeze. You only need the right tools and equipment, and you’re set to go.
Before we go through the kitchen sink drain installation process, let’s first check how a sink drain works.
How Does A Sink Drain Work?
Both your kitchen and bathroom sinks are linked to the drain-waste-vent system and the water supply system. The drain waste vent system carries wastewater out of the sink, and the water system supplies water to the sink’s faucet.
Sink drains work by using the force of gravity. The sink sewer line and drain pipe connecting your house to the septic tank or public sewer system are connected at a sloping angle. When the water flows from the sink, it acquires speed to move past the P-trap and out of the sewer line.
Toilets and sinks have separate brunch of drainpipes attached to the main house drain stack. The drain stack is then linked to the horizontal sewer line that carries waste out of your house. Therefore, showers, toilets, sinks, and all other fixtures in your home drain into one place.
What You’ll Need For Installing A Kitchen Sink Drain?
Materials For Kitchen Sink Drain Installation
- Strain assembly and sink drain
- Kitchen drain trap kit
Tools/ Equipment For Kitchen Sink Drain Installation
- Channel-type pliers
- Tape measure
- Hacksaw or PVC tubing cutter
Now you are aware of all the tools and materials required for the kitchen sink drain installation. Let us know how to connect a kitchen sink drain.
How To Install A Kitchen Sink Drain?
Here are the steps you’d need to follow to install your kitchen sink drain without hassle.
Step 1 – Check The Drain Outlet Height
- First, check the trap’s arm height before going for the new kitchen sink and removing the old one.
- Measure from the cabinet’s base to the center of the trap arm. The new sink’s height should be less than 16 inches to allow the required downward slope to fit the trap arm.
Step 2 – Lower The Drain Outlet
Have you found that the existing drain outlet is not low enough to accommodate the new sink’s depth? Don’t worry; follow the steps below to set it up;
- Open the wall to lower the sanitary tee in its connecting position to the drain line in the wall. Ensure that the height of the drain leaves enough room to enable easy removal of the trap.
- If you want to lower the sanitary tee into the branch drain, you’d need to test the other drain parts before you glue and secure the fittings permanently; leaving the fittings loose would give you room for adjustment.
- Now remove the old sink and install the new one on the countertop.
Step 3 – Install The Strainer And The Garbage Disposal
- Since the garbage disposal takes up the most space, install it on the sink’s desired side and install a basket strainer on the remaining sink basin. Next, install any other sink component, such as a hot water dispenser or a water filter.
Step 4 – Install The Continuous Waste Pipe And The Drain Tailpiece
- A drain tailpiece is a pipe that connects the filter to the tee fitting. So, temporarily install the tailpiece onto the sink strainer using a slip nut.
- Onto the drain outlet of the garbage disposal, attach the continuous waste pipe’s curved end using a washer and a slip nut. Allow the pipe’s straight end to extend past the vertical tailpiece onto the sink basin. Ensure that the line slopes downward slightly toward the tailpiece.
- Holding the tee fitting up to the waste pipe and tailpiece, mark the cutting lines where they would fit into the tee fitting.
- Using a hacksaw or PVC tubing cutter, cut the continuous waste pipe and the tailpiece to length.
- Reinstall the continuous waste pipe and the tailpiece along with the tee. Make sure that the connections are hand-tight.
- Adjust the pieces to ensure that the waste arm drops slightly downward toward the tee fitting.
- Now, using channel-type pliers, tighten the slip nuts slightly-avoid over tightening to avoid damaging the plastic threads.
However, if you’re using a sink with a single basin, you wouldn’t need a tee fitting on the tailpiece end. The tailpiece would directly lead down to the drain trap.
Step 5 – Attach The Drain Trap
A drain trap assembly consists of a J-shaped trap arm and a U-shaped trap bend.
- Using a washer and a slip nut, loosely assemble the trap arm and the trap bend, then slide a washer and a slip nut onto the trap arm’s straight end.
- Then, as you slide the trap arm into the drain outlet, at the wall, push the trap bend up into the tee fitting on the tailpiece. Now, adjust the trap pieces to create a direct path from the drain outlet to the sink. Ensure that the trap arm’s angle slopes slightly downwards towards the drain outlet.
- If the trap arm can’t fit the space, mark and cut it as required and then reinstall the P-trap assembly.
- Using channel-type pliers, tighten all the slip nuts. If possible, avoid over-tightening them.
- Confirm if the trap arm and the continuous waste pipe slightly slope downward in the water flow direction.
- Check all the connections to the drain to ensure that they are tight.
Note: Ensure that the trap faces the correct way. The sharp end should face below the tailpiece. Be sure to turn it the right way to fit into the small space, as it may leak.
Step 6 – Check For Leaks
- Check for leaks at every pipe joint by running water in both basins. Tighten the connection if there is any leakage. Then fill each sink basin with water to conduct a final test by letting them drain fast as you check below for leaks.
- If the leaks don’t stop even after tightening the connections, unscrew the nut and reposition the washer. Then re-tighten the nut, ensuring that it’s not cross-threaded.
After you’ve checked and tightened everything, turn your water supply on again at the main shut-off valve and enjoy your newly installed sink drain.
Installing a kitchen sink has many factors to consider. And therefore, knowing how to do it correctly would help you save money whenever you’ve got to change the assembly. However, the above steps on how to install a kitchen sink drain would come in handy.
Like installing a kitchen sink drain, installing a bathroom sink drain is one of the simplest and fastest plumbing projects anyone can complete independently. Click the link below to learn how to install a bathroom sink drain –
How to Connect a Bathroom Sink Drain?
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Jennifer Kiminza – Jennifer Kiminza is a content writer and content marketing professional at Hub Spot, an inbound marketing and sales platform that helps companies attract visitors, convert leads, and close customers. Previously, Jennifer worked as a marketing manager for a tech software startup. She graduated with honors from Nairobi University with a dual degree in Business Administration and Creative Writing.