Know the Properties of Ceramic Tiles
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Ceramic tiles are one of the most popular type of tiles often used in homes. In India, it was popular among masses as Spartek, Spartek being the pioneer in the manufacture of ceramic tiles. According to the ‘Donald Watson’ (Author of Time Saver Standards for Building Materials & Systems), ceramic tiles are made up of mixture consisting exclusively of clay (earthen clay) and water. Nowadays, more advanced forms of ceramic tiles are also available. Ceramic tiles are used as both floor as well as wall tiles, e.g. flooring of living room, bedroom, kitchen, etc. and as wall tiles in wet areas like kitchen, bathroom, etc.
Ceramic tiles should not be selected based on just designs, colour and looks but one should also pay attention to important governing technical properties of ceramic tiles such as durability, dirt resistance, water absorption, frost resistance, slip resistance and others. These properties are very important for day to day usages, long life and maintenance point of view. These properties vary based on type of the ceramic tiles.
Also Read: Pros & Cons of Ceramic Tile Flooring
So, let’s understand the types and basic properties of ceramic tiles before buying them.
Types of Ceramic Tiles
01. Glazed Ceramic Tiles
It is not shiny, but the tiles are given a coating of glass layer during the firing process. It has a wide range of styles and colours.
02. Unglazed Ceramic Tiles
They do not undergo the additional firing process. It comes mostly in earthen colours.
Some of the properties and uses of ceramic tiles depend on the type of tile used.
Properties of Ceramic Tiles
Ceramic tiles are tough and difficult to break. If installed properly, it can last for more than two decades. It makes a good walking surface.
It has a high strength when heated at high temperature. According to the Indian Council of Ceramic Tiles and Sanitaryware, ceramic tiles have a flexural strength of 22N/mm2 and breaking strength 200N.
03. Dirt Resistance
Rapid removal of yellowish stain on ceramic tiles using this tile cleaner:
04. Colour Permanence
Ceramic tiles do not fade even after prolonged exposure to sunlight and remain in the original condition for their entire lifetime.
05. Slip Resistance
Unglazed ceramic tiles have greater slip resistance than glazed ceramic tiles and are recommended for areas subjected to high water spillage. Many glazed and unglazed ceramic tiles also have an abrasive grit on their surface, increasing their slip resistance significantly. These tiles are best suited to public areas with direct access to the outdoors and for bathrooms.
06. Fire Resistance
Ceramic tiles are fireproof at any temperature. They will neither burn nor fuel a fire. The surface will not alter, nor will it give off any toxic gases, smoke or fumes during a fire.
The surface of ceramic tiles will not retain liquids; absorb fumes, odours or smoke. They are also easy to clean and this helps in achieving good hygiene. This tile is suited for any environment where hygiene is necessary, i.e. ceramic tiles for bathroom.
08. Chemical Resistance
Ceramic tiles are highly resistant to chemical agents. It has better resistance to alkalis and acids.
09. Stain Resistance
The stain resistance of ceramic tiles depends on its capacity to absorb moisture. It has a low resistance to stain. However, glazed ceramic tiles can resist stain easily. However, oil stains are difficult to remove.
Also Read: How to Remove Rust Stains from Tiles?
Buy Water and Oil spill proof Wall Stickers Mosaic Tiles Design:
10. Water Absorption
Glazed ceramic tiles are coated with glass and hence absorb less water. Unglazed ceramic tiles are porous and are less moisture resistant. So, if you use unglazed ceramic tiles in outdoor area, it will cause the tiles to develop cracks quickly.
11. Frost Resistance
Unglazed ceramic tiles have less frost resistance because it absorbs water easily. Glazed ceramic tiles have relatively higher frost resistance.
12. Scratch Resistance
Glazed ceramic tile has low resistance to scratches. So, the colour and feature of the ceramic tiles do not remain constant throughout its surface over a period of time. Unglazed ceramic tiles have better scratch resistance.
Summing up, ceramic tiles are the most commonly used flooring. Both glazed and unglazed ceramic tiles have different properties and different uses. Apart from the above, there are also other types of flooring materials like vitrified tiles, porcelain tiles and others. Please read (link) to know about various types of flooring before making a final decision. If you still have queries, drop them in comments or feel free to contact us.
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