Types of Ventilation for Your House
Richa Parmar born & brought up in Navsari, a town in Gujarat picked up a degree as an Architect from The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda after pursuing Diploma in Architecture Assistantship from Surat. Passionate in the field of designing & creativity, she tries to do a lot of research in her field & implements the same in her work. She has been creating excellent imaginative designs that fit in the budget & also fulfils the needs of clients. Her inclination towards nature has made her take up a lot of challenging assignments in the subject of “landscape” and also has made her initiate to write blogs. Presently she works as an Senior Manager cum Architect Blogger for “Gharpedia” portal. Her blogs keep long term impact on the readers’ mind which shows her commitment to producing excellent results by attracting traffic to her writings. Regardless of her tasks, she also briefs her team for streamlining the process more effectively within proper strategies. Looking at her softer part in life, she loves painting, reading & travelling. She is a hardcore fan of dogs and also has one at her home. You can reach her at LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Pinterest, Quora & Medium.
Any home will be in need of ventilation. If the ventilation is natural, then it is very good but if your home is not having any natural ventilation then you have to take steps and workout for improving ventilation to your home. It is one of the essential features for any home.
There are different types of ventilation which you can use to ensure that your home is properly aerated. The type and need of installation of home ventilation system depend upon the outdoor temperature, wind and several other factors.
There are mainly two types of ventilation:
- Natural Ventilation
- Mechanical Ventilation or Artificial Ventilation
01. Natural Ventilation:
In Natural Ventilation, air changes occur in a house naturally through doors, windows, louvers, roof ventilators and skylights. They should be located to admit fresh air only and not near sources of smoke, dust, odours or polluted air from the house. Discharge vents should also be provided to eliminate vitiated air from the building. It is suitable for residential buildings and the small house.
Also Read: Importance of Fresh Air in Home & Life!
Through this ventilation system, the ventilation can be achieved naturally but will depend upon the direction of the house and the wind effect. This ventilation of house depends on climate, house design and human behaviour.
The following points should be considered while providing natural ventilation in a room:
- Doors and windows should be so located that they provide maximum in-flow air.
- The height of room should be sufficient to allow air movement.
- Inlet opening should not be obstructing.
It is not useful for big building, offices, conference halls, auditoriums, large factories, etc. It is economical as no equipment are required for keeping room ventilated.
Also Read: Different Types of Windows
02. Mechanical Ventilation/Artificial Ventilation:
In some buildings, natural ventilation is insufficient or impossible, so mechanical ventilation system must be used. This is the most common home ventilation system. Mechanical ventilation is the one in which some mechanical arrangements are made to increase the rate of air flow. Air movement is produced with the right system of fans, vents, and duct. It is most suitable for large buildings, assembly halls, factories, theatres, etc.
Also Read: What is Air Change in Room?
It is used to control indoor air quality. Excess humidity and odours can often be controlled by replacement with outside air. Though this ventilation system is costly but is very effective and efficient. There are following systems of mechanical ventilation:
This system is based on the creation of a vacuum in the room by exhausting the vitiated inside air by means of propeller type fans.
In this system, fresh air is forced into the room and vitiated air is forced to leave through ventilators.
Exhaust – Supply System:
This is an extension of supply system in which exhaust fans are used for the exit of the vitiated air from the room along with forced fresh air.
This is the best system of mechanical ventilation in which provision is made for filtration, heating or cooling, humidifying or dehumidifying, etc. they create the most comfortable working condition.
The whole home ventilation system is designed to provide households with healthy indoor air all the year. Therefore good ventilation system is essential for maintaining air quality and removing excess moisture from your home.