Different Types of Doors | Comprehensive Classification!
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It is evident that houses in the ancient times had no doors! There used to be a passage that was meant for the exit or entry in the home. Later, doors did come into existence, but people were still carefree and slept at night keeping the doors of their houses open. Even today, if you visit any tribal or remote area, the houses hardly have any door. They have an entrance which is either covered with a piece of cloth or grass hay. The concept of ‘door’ still does not exist there.
But with passage of time, where everything was under the process of evolution, houses were no exception. Slowly and gradually they made progress in the process and thus, in the modern age, we find the concept of ‘home’ completely changed. ‘Security’ has become a major concern nowadays. Especially in the urban areas, it is a major concern. Hence, the technology has stepped in and for security reasons; today we have doors available that can be opened only with their passwords.
In big cities, there is always a fear of theft and burglary; hence it is equally essential for the doors to be strong enough so that they cannot be easily broken or opened. But apart from security, safety and privacy; there is an aspect of art and décor associated with it since the homes started adopting the concept of doors. Today the choice is majorly governed by it, as the other factors are bound to be present and common with all types of doors.
Importance of Doors
The doors are very important element of the house. Doors have numerous general and specialized uses. Doors are vital to your home’s security as well as it reflects the first impression, beauty, personality and the well-being of the occupants. The main purpose of a door is to control physical access. Another function of the door is to maintain privacy and safety inside the room or house when it is closed. After the roof, the door serves the most important purpose of providing safety and security of the house. Well, the basic purpose of any house is to provide shelter and safety.
The doors play a very important role while designing an interior. It adds to the aesthetic view of the house and provides lighting and ventilation to various rooms in the house. It also acts as noise barrier when there are chances of too much noise outside of the house. Doors are significant in preventing the spread of fire and they are a barrier to noise. The doors are used to manage the physical atmosphere inside a room, so that heating or cooling of interiors may become more effective.
In this article, we are discussing about the various types of doors depending upon their location, the material used for their manufacturing, operation of door shutter, method of construction, the arrangement of door components etc.
Also Read: Purpose of a Door in the House
Types of Doors Based on their Classification
There are different types of doors available in the market i.e. Flush Door, Panel Door, Glass Door, PVC Door, etc. Generally, the doors are classified in following ways, based on their
- Operation of Door Shutter
- Method of Construction
- Arrangement of Door Components
(a) Types of Doors Based on Location
While designing your house, it is important to know where the door needs be placed. Based on their location, doors are classified in following ways:
01. Exterior Door
Exterior door or front door of a dwelling is given the utmost importance. The exterior door allows entrance to or exit from a house and provides a measure of security. These doors must be weather resistant as they are exposed to the various climatic conditions. According to ‘R. Chudley’ (Author of Construction Technology Volume-1), The exterior doors are provided with adequate thickness, stability and durability of construction. The exterior door is given a protective coating of paint and polish. They are generally made of steel or wood.
02. Interior Door
Interior door do more than just separating rooms and providing privacy. Generally, interior doors are thinner than the exterior door and it comes in a variety of styles. They are available in different materials.
(b) Types of Doors Based on Materials
If you know the materials available for various types of doors, it can help you in making a better decision for the doors of your house. The doors are made of different materials like wood, steel, aluminum, glass, PVC, etc. Based on material used for the construction of doors, they are classified in following ways:
01. Wooden or Timber Door
Wooden or Timber door is primarily used for interior door applications. Timber is probably the oldest material used for the doors and timber seems never out of fashion. There are many good reasons for using timber. These doors provide soundproofing, insulation and security. They are easy to install and clean.
02. Glass Door
Glass door look elegant and add richness and beauty to your home. They are a direct walkway to light in your home. Cut glass panel fitted into the wooden frames are beautiful option for front doors. The disadvantage of this door is that they are easily broken. Hence, they must be handled with care.
03. Steel Door
Steel door is used in interior as well as in exterior application. These doors have a steel face with a foam core for insulation. They are very strong as compared to the other doors.
04. PVC Door
PVC door is light in weight and easy to use. They come in variety of designs and colours and look beautiful. These doors do not corrode and do not need much maintenance. But they are not scratch proof.
05. Fiberglass Door
Fiberglass door is most commonly used for exterior application. This door has many design options and can be easily molded into different shapes and style. These doors are durable and hard.
06. Aluminum Glazed Door
Aluminum door with glass panel is most commonly used in commercial applications. They are strong, durable and hence, used as security door.
(c) Types of Doors Based on Operation of Door Shutter
Based on operation of door shutter, the doors are classified in following ways:
01. Folding Door
Folding door is used singly or as folding partitions so that two rooms can be used together as a single room or separately as per the requirement.
02. Sliding Door
The sliding door consists of steel, wooden and glass shutter to which steel rollers are fixed. These steel rollers move along a track provided at the top and bottom. It has one or more sliding shutter based on opening available. In olden times, the sliding doors of steel and wood were commonly used for the large openings of godowns, workshops; garage etc. Nowadays sliding door is mostly used in offices.
03. Swinging Door
According to ‘Frederick S. Merritt & Jonathan T. Ricketts’ (Author of Building Design and Construction Handbook), swinging doors are hinged near one edge to rotate about a vertical axis. It is hung on butts or hinges on the door frame. These doors have its shutter attached to the frame by means of double action springs. Hence shutter can move both inward and outward.
Two types of swinging doors are available – one is single-acting doors which can swing 90° or more in only one direction; and double-acting doors which can swing 90° or more in each of two directions. Swinging door is mostly used in offices.
04. Revolving Door
In the Revolving door, the arrangements are made to rotate the door about central pivot. These doors revolve about one side of the shutter and get closed automatically.
According to ‘J.K. McKay’ (Author of Building Construction Metric, Volume -4), Revolving door is desirable to exclude draughts, minimize the entering of street noises and to avoid heat losses.
Revolving door is mostly used in heavy traffic areas i.e. public buildings, hospitals, etc.
05. Rolling Shutter Door
In the rolling shutter door, the door shutter acts like a steel curtain. The rolling shutter door is advantageous as it does not require much space. It is mostly used in stores, workshops, factories, garages and shops fronts etc. These are very strong, durable and they offer proper safety.
06. Collapsible Door
Collapsible door is used for the main entrance of the residential buildings, shops, godowns, cinema hall etc. Collapsible doors are fabricated from mild steel flats or channels and can be opened or closed by slight pull or push. The arrangement of collapsible doors is made in such a way that, when you open the door, all the strips are folded together and while you close, the strips are stretched.
(d) Types of Doors Based on Method of Construction
Before you make selection of doors for your house, it is essential for you should know the method of construction. Based on the methods of construction, doors are classified in following ways:
01. Panel Door
Panel doors are the most commonly used inside house since long time. According to ‘R. Chudley’ (Author of Construction Technology Volume-1), the British Standard gives a wide variety of panel door based on one, two, three or four-panel format. Panel can be made of plywood, block board, veneer, glass, wood, etc.
02. Flush Door
Nowadays, the flush door is the most commonly type used in the house as well as public buildings due to its pleasant appearance and simple construction. This door has a jointless surface on both sides. Because of the plain face, it is easy to clean and decorate. The flush doors also have high strength, durability and are cheaper than the panel door.
03. Louvered Door
As per the ‘G.S. Birdie & T.D. Ahuja’ (Author of Building Construction and Construction Materials), the louvered door is one of very old type of door. Main advantages of this door are that even when it is closed, it will admit light, air and keep up the privacy of the room.
Louvered door is used when privacy along with natural ventilation and tranquility for rest is desired. The Louvers are made of glass, timber or plywood.
04. Wire Gauzed Door
Wire Gauzed door is widely used in house for preventing the entry of insects and mosquitoes into the house. This door is provided in kitchens, canteens, cupboards used for food storage, refreshment rooms, hotels, sweet shops etc.
(e) Types of Doors Based on Arrangement of Door Components
Based on the arrangements of door components, the doors are classified in following ways:
- Battened and Ledged Door
- Battened, Ledged and Braced Door
- Battened, Ledged and Framed Door
- Battened, Ledged, Framed and Braced Door
In the recent times, these types of doors are not much in use as the wood is not easily available. Moreover, they are highly expensive too.
Nowadays, Flush Door, Panel Door, and PVC Door are the commonly types used in house. The doors play a pivotal role in anchoring safety of the house and also protecting your health. The doors are regarded as the face of any house; hence they must be given utmost importance like any other aspect that beautifies house. And of course, its pleasing appearance will always keep you in good moods. Information regarding the types of door will help you to make the right choice of the door- be it your house, your office, your workshop, shop or any other commercial building.
To conclude the whole thing, we can say that the choice of door ultimately depends on the following factors:
- It must satisfy the intended function
- Ensure privacy, safety and security
- Easy to use
- Aesthetic look and appearance
- Future repairs and maintenance